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We studied the effects of highly purified bone morphogenetic protein 2 and 3 (BMP-2 and -3) on growth plate chondrocytes and osteoblastic cells in vitro and compared to TGF-beta. A mixture of BMP-2 and 3 (BMPs) strongly stimulated DNA synthesis of chondrocytes in the presence of fibroblast growth factor (FGF). BMPs induced rapid maturation of chondrocytes(More)
The moment magnitude (M(w)) = 9.0 2011 Tohoku-Oki mega-thrust earthquake occurred off the coast of northeastern Japan. Combining Global Positioning System (GPS) and acoustic data, we detected very large sea-floor movements associated with this event directly above the focal region. An area with more than 20 meters of horizontal displacement, that is, four(More)
BACKGROUND The pleth variability index (PVI) is a new algorithm used for automatic estimation of respiratory variations in pulse oximeter waveform amplitude, which might predict fluid responsiveness. Because anesthesia-induced hypotension may be partly related to patient volume status, we speculated that pre-anesthesia PVI would be able to identify(More)
The authors examined the effect of mild therapeutic hypothermia on phenytoin pharmacokinetics in 14 patients with brain damage. Each patient was given phenytoin during and after mild therapeutic hypothermia. Plasma concentrations of total phenytoin, unbound phenytoin, and 5-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-5-phenylhydantoin (5-p-HPPH), the major metabolite of phenytoin,(More)
AIMS The objective of this study was to elucidate the interaction between intrathecally administered gabapentin and clonidine on neuropathic pain associated with allodynia in the spinal nerve ligation model in the rat. MAIN METHODS Thresholds for hind paw responses to mechanical stimuli were determined by delivering von Frey filaments to the plantar(More)
PURPOSE We compared the negative chronotropic and inotropic effects of landiolol and esmolol, two clinically available short-acting beta1-blockers with high beta1-selectivity, using whole isolated rabbit heart preparations. METHODS Tachycardia was induced by continuous perfusion of 10(-7) M isoproterenol, and we used concentrations of landiolol or esmolol(More)
Although it is widely used, the mechanisms and effects of acupuncture on pain are not completely understood. Recently, increased nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity has been found in meridians and acupoints. Because NO is a key regulator of local circulation, and because change in circulation can affect the development and persistence of pain, we propose(More)
In our preliminary report we demonstrated PTH receptors on rabbit costal chondrocytes in culture. In the present study regulation of expression of PTH receptors of the chondrocytes by various growth and differentiation factors and its relation to the synthesis of glycosaminoglycan (GAG), a differentiated phenotype of chondrocytes, were investigated.(More)
BACKGROUND Ropivacaine is a local anesthetic with a long duration of action. Although it is less toxic than bupivacaine, local anesthetic toxicity is possible when the plasma concentration is increased. Because ropivacaine is an amide-type local anesthetic, it is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (P450) in the liver, and its elimination and plasma(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to investigate the efficacy of lipid-lowering agents in preventing steroid-induced osteonecrosis and the mechanism by which they do so in a rabbit model. METHODS Female Japanese white rabbits were randomly allocated to receive probucol (group P), pravastatin (group PS), simvastatin (group SS), or saline (group C) for 6(More)