Akio Takénaka

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Crystal structures of chitosanase from Bacillus sp. K17 (ChoK) have been determined at 1.5 A resolution in the active form and at 2.0 A resolution in the inactive form. This enzyme belongs to the family GH-8, out of 93 glycoside hydrolase families, and exhibits the substrate specificity of subclass II chitosanase. The catalytic site is constructed on the(More)
We report here the molecular characterization and possible function of a cysteine protease (termed HlCPL-A) identified in the midgut of the hard tick Haemaphysalis longicornis. HlCPL-A is a 333 amino acid protein belonging to the papain family of the cysteine protease. A construct encoding proHlCPL-A was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified as both(More)
The enzyme urate oxidase catalyzes the conversion of uric acid to 5-hydroxyisourate, one of the steps in the ureide pathway. Arthrobacter globiformis urate oxidase (AgUOX) was crystallized and structures of crystals soaked in the substrate uric acid, the inhibitor 8-azaxanthin and allantoin have been determined at 1.9-2.2 A resolution. The biological unit(More)
Actinohivin (AH) is an actinomycete lectin with a potent specific anti-HIV activity. In order to clarify the structural evidence for its specific binding to the α(1-2)mannobiose (MB) moiety of the D1 chains of high-mannose-type glycans (HMTGs) attached to HIV-1 gp120, the crystal structure of AH in complex with MB has been determined. The AH molecule is(More)
Chitosanase from Bacillus sp. strain K17 (ChoK) belongs to glycoside hydrolase family 8 and exhibits subclass II specificity. The purified protein is structurally stable over a wide pH range (3-10), but is active in a much narrower pH range (4.5-7.5), with optimal activity around pH 6.0. The protein has been successfully crystallized at two different pH(More)
Various lectins have attracted attention as potential microbicides to prevent HIV transmission. Their capacity to bind glycoproteins has been suggested as a means to block HIV binding and entry into susceptible cells. The previously undescribed lectin actinohivin (AH), isolated by us from an actinomycete, exhibits potent in vitro anti-HIV activity by(More)
An in vivo 5′-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) labeled DNA probe was used for in situ DNA-RNA hybridization. BrdUrd was incorporated into plasmid DNA by inoculating E. coli with Luria-Bertani (LB) culture medium containing 500 mg/L of BrdUrd. After purification of the plasmid DNA, specific probes of the defined DNA fragments, which contained the cloned insert and(More)
We have established a method for monoclonal antibody (MoAb) preparation from routine paraffin-embedded tissue of human seminoma as an immunogen. Three 40-μm thich sections were deparaffinized and rehydrated. An eight-week-old BALB/c mouse was immunized intraperitoneally with this extract, which showed no detectable protein bands on sodium(More)
D-3-Hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the reversible reaction between D-3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate, has been classified into the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase family and is a useful marker in the assay of diabetes mellitus and/or ketoacidosis. The enzyme from Alcaligenes faecalis was crystallized in the apo form and in the holo(More)
To investigate the role of divalent cations in crystal packing, a Dickerson-Drew-type dodecamer with the sequence d(CGCGAATXCGCG), containing 2'-deoxy-5-formyluridine at X, was crystallized under several conditions with Ba(2+) ion instead of Mg(2+) ion. The crystal structure is isomorphous with the original Dickerson-type crystal containing Mg(2+) ion. In(More)