Learn More
Crystal structures of chitosanase from Bacillus sp. K17 (ChoK) have been determined at 1.5 A resolution in the active form and at 2.0 A resolution in the inactive form. This enzyme belongs to the family GH-8, out of 93 glycoside hydrolase families, and exhibits the substrate specificity of subclass II chitosanase. The catalytic site is constructed on the(More)
We report here the molecular characterization and possible function of a cysteine protease (termed HlCPL-A) identified in the midgut of the hard tick Haemaphysalis longicornis. HlCPL-A is a 333 amino acid protein belonging to the papain family of the cysteine protease. A construct encoding proHlCPL-A was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified as both(More)
Chitosanase from Bacillus sp. strain K17 (ChoK) belongs to glycoside hydrolase family 8 and exhibits subclass II specificity. The purified protein is structurally stable over a wide pH range (3-10), but is active in a much narrower pH range (4.5-7.5), with optimal activity around pH 6.0. The protein has been successfully crystallized at two different pH(More)
D-3-Hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the reversible reaction between D-3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate, has been classified into the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase family and is a useful marker in the assay of diabetes mellitus and/or ketoacidosis. The enzyme from Alcaligenes faecalis was crystallized in the apo form and in the holo(More)
The gene encoding a novel chitosanase from Bacillus sp. strain K17 was cloned and sequenced. The nucleotide sequence of the gene contained an open reading frame corresponded to a protein of 453 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of the K17 chitosanase exhibited the highest homology to those of family 8 glycanases, suggesting that the enzyme(More)
Various lectins have attracted attention as potential microbicides to prevent HIV transmission. Their capacity to bind glycoproteins has been suggested as a means to block HIV binding and entry into susceptible cells. The previously undescribed lectin actinohivin (AH), isolated by us from an actinomycete, exhibits potent in vitro anti-HIV activity by(More)
A DNA fragment d(GCGAAAGCT), known to adopt a stable mini-hairpin structure in solution, has been crystallized in the space group I4(1)22 with the unit-cell dimensions a = b = 53.4 A and c = 54.0 A, and the crystal structure has been determined at 2.5 A resolution. The four nucleotide residues CGAA of the first half of the oligomer form a parallel duplex(More)
N-nitrosation of glycine and its derivatives generates potent alkylating agents that can lead to the formation of O(6)-carboxymethylguanine (O(6)-CMG) in DNA. O(6)-CMG has been identified in DNA derived from human colon tissue, and its occurrence has been linked to diets high in red and processed meats. By analogy to O(6)-methylguanine, O(6)-CMG is expected(More)
Recent genomic analyses revealed many kinds of tandem repeats of specific sequences. Some of them are related to genetic diseases, but their biological functions and structures are still unknown. Two X-ray structures of a short DNA fragment d(gcGA[G]1Agc) show that four base-intercalated duplexes are assembled to form an octaplex at a low K+ concentration,(More)
Actinohivin (AH) is a microbial lectin containing 114 amino acids, which inhibits human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This effect is brought about by its specific binding to Man-α(1-2)-Man unit(s) of high-mannose type glycan (HMTG) bound to HIV gp120. The recently determined crystal structure of AH suggests that three repeated segments (the(More)