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Vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1) was cloned as a capsaicin receptor from neuronal cells of dorsal root ganglia. VR1 was subsequently found in a few non-neuronal tissues, including skeletal muscle [Onozawa et al., Tissue distribution of capsaicin receptor in the various organs of rats, Proc. Jpn. Acad. Ser. B 76 (2000) 68-72]. We confirmed the expression(More)
A novel, facultatively psychrophilic alkaliphile that grows on a chemically defined medium containing n-alkanes as the sole carbon source was isolated from a drain of a fish product-processing plant. The isolate was an aerobic, non-motile, gram-positive bacterium. The bacterium was catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The cell wall contained(More)
Different odorants are recognized by different combinations of G protein-coupled olfactory receptors, and thereby, odor identity is determined by a combinatorial receptor code for each odorant. We recently demonstrated that odorants appeared to compete for receptor sites to act as an agonist or an antagonist. Therefore, in natural circumstances where we(More)
Blebbistatin is a myosin II-specific inhibitor. However, the mechanism and tissue specificity of the drug are not well understood. Blebbistatin blocked the chemotaxis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) toward sphingosylphosphorylcholine (IC(50) = 26.1 +/- 0.2 and 27.5 +/- 0.5 microM for GbaSM-4 and A7r5 cells, respectively) and platelet-derived growth(More)
Chara myosin is a class XI plant myosin in green algae Chara corallina and responsible for fast cytoplasmic streaming. The Chara myosin exhibits the fastest sliding movement of F-actin at 60 mum/s as observed so far, 10-fold of the shortening speed of muscle. It has some distinct properties differing from those of muscle myosin. Although knowledge about(More)
This paper deals with a basic dance training system with multimodal information presentation. The system targets on beginners and enables them to learn basics of dances easily. Watching a video showing the performance of dance masters is one of the most effective ways of learning dances. However, it is difficult for dance beginners to obtain useful(More)
Cigarette smoking is one of the factors causing accumulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in atherosclerotic plaques. Changes in cell migration toward platelet-derived growth factor BB were investigated using a Boyden chamber after 48-h preincubation of GBaSM-4 VSMCs with nicotine or nicotine-free cigarette smoke extract (CSE). A nicotine(More)
"Catch" is the state where some invertebrate muscles sustain high tension for long periods at low ATP hydrolysis rates. Physiological studies using muscle fibers have not yet fully provided the details of the initiation process of the catch state. The process was extensively studied by using an in vitro reconstitution assay with several phosphatase(More)
Molecular mechanisms underlying migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) toward sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) were analyzed in light of the hypothesis that remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton should be involved. After SPC stimulation, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including p38 MAPK (p38) and p42/44 MAPK (p42/44), were found to be(More)