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Vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1) was cloned as a capsaicin receptor from neuronal cells of dorsal root ganglia. VR1 was subsequently found in a few non-neuronal tissues, including skeletal muscle [Onozawa et al., Tissue distribution of capsaicin receptor in the various organs of rats, Proc. Jpn. Acad. Ser. B 76 (2000) 68-72]. We confirmed the expression(More)
Different odorants are recognized by different combinations of G protein-coupled olfactory receptors, and thereby, odor identity is determined by a combinatorial receptor code for each odorant. We recently demonstrated that odorants appeared to compete for receptor sites to act as an agonist or an antagonist. Therefore, in natural circumstances where we(More)
Eye contact is an effective means of controlling communication for humans, such as starting communication. It seems that we can make eye contact if we look at each other. However, this alone cannot complete eye contact. In addition, we need to be aware of being looked by each other. We propose a method of active eye contact for human-robot communication(More)
Speech interfaces should have a capability of dealing with inexplicit utterances including such as ellipsis and deixis since they are common phenomena in our daily conversation. Their resolution using context and a priori knowledge has been investigated in the fields of natural language and speech understanding. However, there are utterances that cannot be(More)
This paper presents a multimodal information presentation method for a basic dance training system. The system targets on beginners and enables them to learn basics of dances easily. One of the most effective ways of learning dances is to watch a video showing the performance of dance masters. However, some information cannot be conveyed well through video.(More)
Drebrin-A is an actin-binding protein localized in the dendritic spines of mature neurons, and has been suggested to affect spine morphology [K. Hayashi, T. Shirao, Change in the shape of dendritic spines caused by overexpression of drebrin in cultured cortical neurons, J. Neurosci. 19 (1999) 3918-3925]. However, no biochemical analysis of drebrin-A has yet(More)
Equilenin is one of 10 kinds of estrogens that are found in pregnant mares' urine. It has been used extensively for estrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. Typical inducers of the cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1), such as TCDD, benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) and 3-methylcholanthrene, have a planar molecular structure in common and bind to the aryl(More)
Speech interfaces should have a capability of dealing with inexplicit utterances including such as ellipsis and deixis since they are common phenomena in our daily conversation. Their resolution using context and a priori knowledge has been investigated in the fields of natural language and speech understanding. However, there are utterances that cannot be(More)