Akio Nakamura

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A novel, facultatively psychrophilic alkaliphile that grows on a chemically defined medium containing n-alkanes as the sole carbon source was isolated from a drain of a fish product-processing plant. The isolate was an aerobic, non-motile, gram-positive bacterium. The bacterium was catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The cell wall contained(More)
Vanilloid receptors subtype 1 (VR1), a nonselective cation channel responsive to capsaicin, protons, and noxious heat, has been recently identified in not only neural but also non-neural cells. In the present study, we demonstrated the peripheral expression of VR1 in gastric mucosal epithelial cells and investigated the role of the receptor in cellular(More)
In skeletal muscles, the sarcolemma is possibly stabilized and protected against contraction-imposed stress by intermediate filaments (IFs) tethered to costameric sarcolemma. Although there is emerging evidence that plectin links IFs to costameres through dystrophin-glycoprotein complexes (DGC), the molecular organization from plectin to costameres still(More)
Different odorants are recognized by different combinations of G protein-coupled olfactory receptors, and thereby, odor identity is determined by a combinatorial receptor code for each odorant. We recently demonstrated that odorants appeared to compete for receptor sites to act as an agonist or an antagonist. Therefore, in natural circumstances where we(More)
Vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1) was cloned as a capsaicin receptor from neuronal cells of dorsal root ganglia. VR1 was subsequently found in a few non-neuronal tissues, including skeletal muscle [Onozawa et al., Tissue distribution of capsaicin receptor in the various organs of rats, Proc. Jpn. Acad. Ser. B 76 (2000) 68-72]. We confirmed the expression(More)
We present two cases of a 12-year-old Japanese boy and a 14-year-old Japanese girl who had exercise-induced acute renal failure (ARF). They experienced general fatigue, nausea/vomiting, and vague discomfort in the abdomen after physical exercise at school. In case of the boy, abdominal pain subsided, but renal dysfunction lasted 17 days, with peak levels of(More)
Drebrin-A is an actin-binding protein localized in the dendritic spines of mature neurons, and has been suggested to affect spine morphology [K. Hayashi, T. Shirao, Change in the shape of dendritic spines caused by overexpression of drebrin in cultured cortical neurons, J. Neurosci. 19 (1999) 3918-3925]. However, no biochemical analysis of drebrin-A has yet(More)
The gene bla(IMP-10) of a variant metallo-beta-lactamase, IMP-10, had a single base replacement of G by T at nucleotide 145, which led to an amino acid alteration of Val49 to Phe compared to the IMP-1 enzyme, indicating that IMP-10 was a point mutation derivative of IMP-1. Highly purified enzymes revealed that IMP-10 was different from IMP-1 in its(More)
Molecular mechanisms underlying migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) toward sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) were analyzed in light of the hypothesis that remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton should be involved. After SPC stimulation, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including p38 MAPK (p38) and p42/44 MAPK (p42/44), were found to be(More)
"Catch" is the state where some invertebrate muscles sustain high tension for long periods at low ATP hydrolysis rates. Physiological studies using muscle fibers have not yet fully provided the details of the initiation process of the catch state. The process was extensively studied by using an in vitro reconstitution assay with several phosphatase(More)