Akio Murakami

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The PsbP protein is an extrinsic subunit of photosystem II (PSII) specifically found in land plants and green algae. Using PsbP-RNAi tobacco, we have investigated effects of PsbP knockdown on protein supercomplex organization within the thylakoid membranes and photosynthetic properties of PSII. In PsbP-RNAi leaves, PSII dimers binding the extrinsic PsbO(More)
Blue light regulates processes such as the development of plants and fungi and the behaviour of microbes. Two types of blue-light receptor flavoprotein have been identified: cryptochromes, which have partial similarity to photolyases, and phototropins, which are photoregulated protein kinases. The former have also been found in animals with evidence of(More)
Photoactivated adenylyl cyclase (PAC) is a recently discovered blue-light photoreceptor that mediates photomovement in Euglena gracilis(Iseki et al., Nature, 2002, 415, 1047--1051). PAC appears to be a heterotetramer composed of two FAD-binding subunits (PACalpha and PACbeta). Both subunits have a pair of homologous regions (F1 and F2) which show homology(More)
A new flagellate of the Raphidophyceae, Chlorinimonas sublosa gen. et sp. nov., collected from Wakayama Prefecture, Japan is described based on morphological observations, microspectrophotometry of chloroplasts, and phylogenetic analysis of SSU rDNA sequences. The cell was usually elliptical, sometimes spherical, oval or slender, and possessed two subequal(More)
We examined energy transfer dynamics from the photosystem II reaction center (PSII-RC) in intact red algae cells of Porphyridium cruentum, Bangia fuscopurpurea, Porphyra yezoensis, Chondrus giganteus, and Prionitis crispata. Time resolved fluorescence measurements were conducted in the range of 0-80ns at -196°C. The delayed fluorescence spectra were then(More)
Low-temperature (77 K) fluorescence emission spectra of intact cells of a cyanobacterium, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6714, and a green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, were quantitatively analyzed to examine differences in PS I/PS II stoichiometries. Cells cultured under different spectral conditions had various PS I/PS II molar ratios when estimated by(More)
A marine green alga, Codium fragile, exhibits a characteristic in vivo absorption band of a specific keto-carotenoid, siphonaxanthin, at 535 nm. We examined the ultrafast fluorescence kinetics by direct excitation of this band after purification of light-harvesting complex II. On the basis of a high fluorescence anisotropy (0.39) up to 1 ps and a very short(More)
The work addressed the adjustment of the photosystem ratio in the green algaChlamydomonas reinhardtii. It is shown that green algae, much like cyanophytes and higher plants, adjust and optimize the ratio of the two photosystems in chloroplasts in response to the quality of irradiance during growth. Such adjustments are compensation reactions and helpC.(More)
This study investigated the potential local CH4 sink in various plant parts as a boundary environment of CH4 emission and consumption. By comparing CH4 consumption activities in cultures inoculated with parts from 39 plant species, we observed significantly higher consumption of CH4 associated with aquatic plants than other emergent plant parts such as(More)