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Rats fed a semipurified diet supplemented with 3% (w/w) safflower oil [Saf, n-3 fatty acid deficient, high linoleic acid (18:2n-6)] through two generations exhibit decreased correct response ratios in a brightness-discrimination learning test compared with rats fed 3% perilla oil [Per, high alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3)]. This is associated with a(More)
Dietary deprivation of alpha-linolenic acid (n-3) through two generations has been shown to lower performance in an operant-type brightness-discrimination learning test in rats. Here, we examined a possible correlation between nerve growth factor (NGF) content and n-3 fatty acid status in the brain. Female rats were fed a semipurified diet supplemented with(More)
The relationships between membrane fatty acid modification and neurite outgrowth and norepinephrine release were evaluated in PC12 cells. [3H]Norepinephrine release evoked by carbachol was unaffected by the modifications. Basal spontaneous release was elevated with increases in the degree of unsaturation using cells supplemented with n-3 fatty acids; a(More)
Neurite elongation involves the expansion of the plasma membrane and phospholipid synthesis. We investigated membrane phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) biosynthesis in PC12 cells during neurite outgrowth induced by nerve growth factor (NGF). When PE was prelabeled with [3H]ethanolamine and the radioactivity was chased by incubation with 1 mM unlabeled(More)
We have analyzed oligosaccharide chains in brain microsomes of rats fed an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-deficient (safflower oil group; S group) or -rich (perilla oil group; P group) diet before and after brightness-discrimination learning tasks. The amount of concanavalin A-binding sites (mainly mannoside) of the brain microsomes was found to be(More)
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