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The purpose of this study was to determine whether arterial spin labelling (ASL) at 3-T MR imaging can be used to discriminate individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) from cognitively normal subjects. Twenty AD patients and 23 cognitively normal control subjects were studied using ASL on a 3-T MR imager. Absolute regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) maps(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To detect diffuse axonal injury (DAI) lesions by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), as compared with fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) imaging and (2) to evaluate hemorrhagic DAI lesions by b0 images obtained from DWI, as compared with gradient-echo (GRE) imaging. METHODS We reviewed MR images of 36 patients with a diagnosis of DAI.(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated both functional and structural abnormalities in the frontal-striatal-thalamic circuits in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The purpose of this study was to assess volume abnormalities not only of gray matter (GM), but also of white matter (WM) in patients with OCD using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Subjects consisted(More)
INTRODUCTION Our purpose was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in differentiating primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) from glioblastoma multiformes (GBMs). METHODS Fifty-six patients(More)
Our purpose was to evaluate the ability of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to characterize cervical spinal cord white matter (WM) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). DTI were obtained in 21 MS patients and 21 control subjects (CS). Regions of interest (ROIs) were placed at C2/3, C3/4, and C4/5 within the right, left, and dorsal (WM) to calculate(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients successfully treated with vertebroplasty often return with new pain caused by a new vertebral body fracture. The new fractures often are adjacent to the vertebral bodies that were initially treated. In our clinical work, we have observed that cement leakage into the disk increases the risk of new fracture of the adjacent(More)
INTRODUCTION Hemangioblastoma and metastatic tumors are the major differential diagnoses for the posterior fossa tumors in adults. Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of ASL in differentiating hemangioblastomas from metastatic brain tumors. METHODS A total of 19 patients including 5 with a hemangioblastomas and 14 with metastatic tumors (7 from lung(More)
We report herein a case of 2-year-old boy diagnosed with a mild form of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease due to deletion of the entire proteolipid protein 1 (PLP1) gene. The patient demonstrated spastic quadriplegia, mental retardation, and microcephaly. He exhibited brainstem auditory evoked potentials with prolonged interpeak latencies and magnetic resonance(More)
Our purpose was to reveal potential regional variations in water molecular diffusivity within each cerebral hemisphere and across the right and left hemispheres. Diffusion-weighted images of 44 healthy right-handed adult male subjects were obtained using a diffusion tensor imaging sequence. Mean diffusivity (MD) values in subcortical white matter (WM)(More)
We retrospectively reviewed diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images of 57 patients with a choroid plexus cyst diagnosed by contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging. All the cysts appeared to represent incidental findings. Thirty-eight of 57 patients had bilateral cysts and 19 had unilateral ones. On diffusion-weighted images, 78 of 95 cysts showed(More)