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BACKGROUND The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is recognized as an organelle that participates in folding secretory and membrane proteins. The ER responds to stress by upregulating ER chaperones, but prolonged and/or excess ER stress leads to apoptosis. However, the potential role of ER stress in pathophysiological hearts remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome system contributes to regulation of apoptosis degrading apoptosis-regulatory proteins. Marked accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins in cardiomyocytes of human failing hearts suggested impaired ubiquitin-proteasome system in heart failure. Since cardiomyocyte apoptosis contributes to the progression of cardiac dysfunction in(More)
Neocortex network activity varies from a desynchronized or activated state typical of arousal to a synchronized or deactivated state typical of quiescence. Such changes are usually attributed to the effects of neuromodulators released in the neocortex by nonspecific activating systems originating in basal forebrain and brain stem reticular formation. As a(More)
We have previously reported that the prolonged transient acidosis during early reperfusion mediates the cardioprotective effects in canine hearts. Recently, postconditioning has been shown to be one of the novel strategies to mediate cardioprotection. We tested the contribution of the prolonged transient acidosis to the cardioprotection of postconditioning.(More)
BACKGROUND We and others have reported that transient accumulation of cyclic AMP (cAMP) in the myocardium during ischemic preconditioning (IP) limits infarct size independent of protein kinase C (PKC). Accumulation of cAMP activates protein kinase A (PKA), which has been demonstrated to cause reversible inhibition of RhoA and Rho-kinase. We investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the effects of erythropoietin (EPO) on neovascularization and cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND Erythropoietin exerts antiapoptotic effects and mobilizes endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). METHODS We intravenously administered EPO (1,000 IU/kg) immediately [EPO(0) group], 6 h [EPO(6h) group], or 1(More)
BACKGROUND Although statins are reported to have a cardioprotective effect, their immediate direct influence on ischemia-reperfusion injury and the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. We investigated these issues an in vivo canine model. METHODS AND RESULTS Dogs were subjected to coronary occlusion (90 minutes) and reperfusion (6 hours) immediately(More)
BACKGROUND Adenosine inhibits proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts and hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes, both of which may play crucial roles in cardiac remodeling. In the present study, we investigated whether chronic stimulation of adenosine receptors begun after myocardial infarction (MI) prevents cardiac remodeling. METHODS AND RESULTS MI was produced in(More)
| We present formula of propagation delay for static CMOS logic gates considering short-circuit current and current owing through gate capacitance and using the n-th power law MOSFET model which considers velocity saturation e ects. The short circuit current is represented by a piece-wise linear function, which enables detailed analysis of the transient(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to prospectively compare the prognostic value of cardiac iodine-123 (I-123) metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging with that of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with mild-to-moderate chronic heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND Cardiac I-123 MIBG imaging, which reflects cardiac adrenergic nerve activity, provides prognostic(More)