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BACKGROUND Phase I/II clinical trials of S-1 plus cisplatin for advanced gastric cancer have yielded good responses and the treatment was well tolerated. In this S-1 Plus cisplatin versus S-1 In RCT In the Treatment for Stomach cancer (SPIRITS) trial, we aimed to verify that overall survival was better in patients with advanced gastric cancer treated with(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy and safety outcomes of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) with D2 lymph node dissection for locally advanced gastric cancer remain unclear. Therefore, we conducted a randomized, controlled phase II trial to confirm the feasibility of LADG in terms of technical safety, and short-term surgical outcomes were investigated. (More)
BACKGROUND S-1 is an oral fluoropyrimidine whose antitumor effects have been demonstrated in treating various gastrointestinal cancers, including metastatic colon cancer, when administered as monotherapy or in combination chemotherapy. We conducted a randomized phase III study investigating the efficacy of S-1 as adjuvant chemotherapy for colon cancer by(More)
Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) is increasingly being used to treat early gastric cancer in the middle third of the stomach, with the hope of ameliorating postoperative dysfunction and improving quality of life (QOL). We evaluated symptoms of postgastrectomy syndrome (PGS) and QOL by means of a newly developed integrated questionnaire, the(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy is the standard of care for incurable advanced gastric cancer. Whether the addition of gastrectomy to chemotherapy improves survival for patients with advanced gastric cancer with a single non-curable factor remains controversial. We aimed to investigate the superiority of gastrectomy followed by chemotherapy versus chemotherapy(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to investigate the role of thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), and thymidine phosphorylase (TP) in tumor progression and sensitivity to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). METHODS A total of 275 tumor samples from 275 patients with gastric cancer were utilized in this study. TS activity was determined in(More)
A Phase III study was started in Japan to evaluate the non-inferiority of overall survival of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy with open distal gastrectomy in patients with clinical IA (T1N0) or IB [T1N1 or T2(MP)N0] gastric cancer. This study followed the previous Phase II study to confirm the safety of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy(More)
PURPOSE Cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil has been globally accepted as a standard regimen for the treatment for advanced gastric cancer. However, cisplatin has several disadvantages, including renal toxicity and the need for admission. S-1 plus cisplatin has become a standard treatment for advanced gastric cancer in East Asia. This phase III study was designed(More)
Recent molecular studies have shown that the genetic profiles of differentiated-type adenocarcinomas of the stomach are associated with distinct cellular mucin phenotypes (gastric- intestinal- and mixed-phenotypes). Therefore, we examined whether these cellular mucin phenotypes reflect specific molecular genetic alterations, and whether the phenotypes can(More)
PURPOSE Complicated gastric lymphatic drainage potentially undermines the utility of sentinel node (SN) biopsy in patients with gastric cancer. Encouraged by several favorable single-institution reports, we conducted a multicenter, single-arm, phase II study of SN mapping that used a standardized dual tracer endoscopic injection technique. PATIENTS AND(More)