Akinori Ohta

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The polarized synthesis of cell wall components such as chitin is essential for the hyphal tip growth of filamentous fungi. The actin cytoskeleton is known to play important roles in the determination of hyphal polarity in Aspergillus nidulans. Previously, we suggested that CsmA, a chitin synthase with a myosin motor-like domain (MMD), was involved in(More)
Ca(2+)-sensitive mutants of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae showing a Pet- phenotype (cls7-cls11) have lesions in a system for maintaining intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis (Ohya, Y., Ohsumi, Y., and Anraku, Y. (1986) J. Gen. Microbiol. 132, 979-988). Genetic and biochemical studies have demonstrated that these Pet- cls mutants are related to defects in(More)
The term ‘sake yeast’ is generally used to indicate the Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that possess characteristics distinct from others including the laboratory strain S288C and are well suited for sake brewery. Here, we report the draft whole-genome shotgun sequence of a commonly used diploid sake yeast strain, Kyokai no. 7 (K7). The assembled sequence(More)
Two 3-phosphoglycerate kinase genes (pgk1 and pgk2) were cloned from Rhizopus niveus. It was deduced that both pgk genes have two introns. They have open reading frames of 1355 bp and 1356 bp, and code for proteins of 417 and 416 amino acids, respectively. The first introns of both genes are located at similar positions as those of pgk genes from other(More)
A rapid downshift in the growth temperature of Saccharomyces cerevisiae from 30 to 10 degrees C resulted in an increase in transcript levels of the antioxidation genes SOD1 [encoding Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD)], CTT1 (encoding catalase T), and GSH1 (encoding gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase). The cellular activities of SOD and catalase were also(More)
One of the essential features of fungal morphogenesis is the polarized synthesis of cell wall components such as chitin. The actin cytoskeleton provides the structural basis for cell polarity in Aspergillus nidulans, as well as in most other eukaryotes. A class V chitin synthase, CsmA, which contains a myosin motor-like domain (MMD), is conserved among most(More)
It is believed that chitinases play important physiological roles in filamentous fungi since chitin is one of the major cell wall components in these organisms. In this paper we investigated a chitinase gene, chiA, of Aspergillus nidulans and found that the gene product of chiA consists of a signal sequence, a region including chitinase consensus motifs, a(More)
The functions of two previously identified chitin synthase genes in Aspergillus nidulans, chsB and chsD, were analysed. First, a conditional chsB mutant was constructed in which the expression of chsB is under the control of a repressible promoter, the alcA promoter, of A. nidulans. Under repressing conditions, the mutant grew slowly and produced highly(More)
Ro09-0198 (Ro) is a tetracyclic peptide antibiotic that binds specifically to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and causes cytolysis. To investigate the molecular basis of transbilayer movement of PE in biological membranes, we have isolated a series of budding yeast mutants that are hypersensitive to the Ro peptide. One of the most sensitive mutants,(More)
The pkcA gene, which encodes a protein kinase C (PKC) in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, is essential for its viability. However, little is known about its functions. To address this issue, we constructed and characterized temperature-sensitive mutants of pkcA. The conidia of these mutants swelled slightly and exhibited apoptotic phenotypes at(More)