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Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have the potential to differentiate into several types of cells. Calcium ions (Ca(2+)) play an important role in the differentiation and proliferation of hMSCs. We have demonstrated that spontaneous [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations occur without agonist stimulation in hMSCs. However, the precise mechanism of(More)
Ca2+ and Na+ play important roles in neurons, such as in synaptic plasticity. Their concentrations in neurons change dynamically in response to synaptic inputs, but their kinetics have not been compared directly. Here, we show the mechanisms and dynamics of Ca2+ and Na+ transients by simultaneous monitoring in Purkinje cell dendrites in mouse cerebellar(More)
Ca2+-activated Cl- current (I(Cl(Ca))) is activated by Ca2+ transient via Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum in cardiac myocytes and is supposed to play an important role in the repolarization of action potential. It is not well understood, however, how I(Cl(Ca)) is modulated to affect action potential in normal or pathological(More)
Changes in synaptic efficacy at the parallel fiber (PF)-Purkinje cell (PC) synapse are postulated to be a cellular basis for motor learning. Although long-term efficacy changes lasting more than an hour at this synapse, i.e., long-term potentiation and depression, have been extensively studied, relatively short lasting synaptic efficacy changes, namely(More)
The incidence rates of long QT syndrome (LQTS) and drug-induced torsades de pointes (TDP) are higher in women than men. Although gonadal steroids are assumed to play an important role in the gender-based differences in cardiac electrophysiological properties, the underlying mechanisms of the gender-based differences are not fully understood. In particular I(More)
 We investigated how Ca2+-sensitive transient outward current, I to(Ca), is activated in rabbit ventricular myocytes in the presence of intracellular Na+ (Na+ i) using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique at 36°C. In cells dialysed with Na+-free solutions,the application of nicardipine (5 µM) to block L-type Ca2+ current (I Ca) completely inhibited I(More)
Cardiomyocytes derived from mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells have been demonstrated to exhibit a time-dependent expression of ion channels and signal transduction pathways in electrophysiological studies. However, ion transporters, such as Na+/K+ ATPase (Na+ pump) or Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, which play crucial roles for cardiac function, have not been well(More)
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