Akinori Akaike

Learn More
Multiple lines of evidence, from molecular and cellular to epidemiological, have implicated nicotinic transmission in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here we show the signal transduction mechanism involved in nicotinic receptor-mediated protection against beta-amyloid-enhanced glutamate neurotoxicity. Nicotine-induced protection was suppressed(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) proliferate and differentiate depending on their intrinsic properties and local environment. It has been recognized that astrocytes promote neurogenic differentiation of NSPCs, suggesting the importance of cell-cell interactions between glial cells and NSPCs. Recent studies have demonstrated that microglia, one type of(More)
Regeneration in the mammalian CNS is severely limited. Unlike in the chick, current models hold that retinal neurons are never regenerated. Previously we demonstrated that, in the adult mammalian retina, Müller glia dedifferentiate and produce retinal cells, including photoreceptors, after acute neurotoxic injury in vivo. However, the number of newly(More)
Increasing lines of evidence show that resveratrol, a polyphenol compound contained in several dietary products, exhibits cytoprotective actions. Notably, resveratrol activates sirtuin family of NAD-dependent histone deacetylases implicated in regulation of various cellular processes including gene transcription, DNA repair and apoptosis. Here we examined(More)
The effects of nicotine on glutamate-induced cytotoxicity were examined using primary cultures of rat cortical neurons. The cell viability was significantly reduced when cultures were briefly exposed to glutamate or N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) then incubated with normal medium for 1 h. A 1-h exposure of the cultures to kainate or(More)
Localization of the mRNAs for fractalkine, a CX3C chemokine, and for its receptor CX3CR1 was investigated in the rat brain. In situ hybridization study revealed that fractalkine mRNA was dominantly expressed in neuronal cells particularly in the olfactory bulb, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, caudate putamen and nucleus accumbens. In vitro study using(More)
It has been shown that estrogen replacement in menopausal women is effective in slowing down the progression of cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease. Although recent studies have demonstrated the neuroprotective effects of estrogen, the precise mechanism of neuroprotection has not been elucidated. In the present study, we show that the(More)
Donepezil is a potent and selective acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor developed for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. To elucidate whether donepezil shows neuroprotective action in addition to amelioration of cognitive deficits, we examined the effects of donepezil on glutamate-induced neurotoxicity using primary cultures of rat cortical neurons. A(More)
beta-Amyloid (A beta), a major constituent of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), is thought to contribute to the neurodegeneration. We examined the effects of nicotinic receptor agonists on A beta cytotoxicity in cultured rat cortical neurons. The number of viable neurons decreased significantly when cultures were exposed to synthetic A beta(More)
A brief exposure to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induces severe deterioration of primary cultured neurons in vitro. We have investigated a link between the H2O2-induced neuronal death and Ca2+-permeable TRPM2 channels regulated by ADP-ribose (ADPR). In cultured cerebral cortical neurons from fetal rat, TRPM2 proteins were detected at cell bodies and neurite(More)