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BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to determine the pattern and frequency of oral lesions and to compare the prevalence of HIV-related oral lesions in paediatric Nigerian patients on HAART with those not on HAART. MATERIALS AND METHODS All patients aged 15 years and below attending the Infectious Disease Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital with a(More)
BACKGROUND The apparent interactions between the mechanisms of action of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) and steroids suggest that co-therapy may provide beneficial inflammatory and pain relief in the absence of side effects. The aim of the study was to compare the effect of co-administered dexamethasone and diclofenac potassium (diclofenac(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of maxillofacial injuries varies from one country to another and even within the same country depending on the prevailing socioeconomic, cultural and environmental factors. Periodic verification of the etiology of maxillofacial injuries helps to recommend ways in which maxillofacial injuries can be averted. The aim of the present(More)
AIM The study was designed to explore the changes in oral health-related quality of life (QoL) in the immediate postoperative period following routine (non-surgical) dental extraction. SETTING AND DESIGN A prospective study carried out at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Tumours arising from odontogenic tissues are rare and constitute a heterogenous group of interesting lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the relative frequency of odontogenic tumors (OT) among Nigerian children and adolescents 19 years or younger. PATIENTS AND METHODS The histopathology records were retrospectively reviewed for all(More)
Orofacial clefts (OFC) are complex genetic traits that are often classified as syndromic or nonsyndromic clefts. Currently, there are over 500 types of syndromic clefts in the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database, of which Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) is one of the most common (accounting for 2% of all OFC). Popliteal pterygium syndrome (PPS)(More)
In developing countries, untreated cleft lips and palates are found with increasing frequency and patients often present to the surgeon far past the optimal time for closure of the cleft deformities. A prospective study was conducted between March 2007 and September 2009, to identify the reasons and treatment challenges of delayed presentation of cleft lip(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of preoperatively administered submucosal and oral prednisolone on postoperative pain, facial swelling, and trismus following third molar surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a randomized controlled trial in which subjects were randomly distributed into three groups. Group A consisted of(More)
AIM The study aims to determine the frequency of homologous blood transfusion in patientsundergoing cleft lip and palate surgery at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. SETTING AND DESIGN A prospective study of transfusion rate in cleft surgery conducted at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. MATERIAL AND METHODS One hundred(More)
A rare case of horizontal fracture of mandibular symphysis caused by a sharp matchet cut is presented. Under local anaesthesia with sedation, the fracture site was exposed through the sutured laceration on the left submandibular region. The fracture was adequately reduced and fixed with two circum-mandibular wires. Healing was uneventful, but postoperative(More)