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BACKGROUND The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs738409 in patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) is associated with hepatic fat accumulation and disease progression in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and alcoholic liver disease (ALD). This study was conducted to determine whether PNPLA3 rs738409 SNPs affect(More)
To study the drug delivery to tumor by utilization of an oligopeptide transport activity, we examined the accumulation of dipeptides and the peptide-mimetic anti-cancer drug, bestatin, a substrate of oligopeptide transporter PepT1. Firstly, we established HeLa cells stably expressing human peptide transporter (hPepT1) (HeLa-hPepT1). Secondly, we constructed(More)
The influence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on prognosis and hepatic toxicity in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the rituximab era is unclear. Thus, we analyzed 553 patients, 131 of whom were HCV-positive and 422 of whom were HCV-negative, with DLBCL treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Fucosylated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP-L3) is known to be a marker of poor prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, it has been difficult to measure AFP-L3 under low AFP (≤ 20 ng/mL). The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of AFP-L3 in HCC patients with low AFP conditions. METHODS One hundred and ninety(More)
Acute renal injury (ARI) is a serious complication after liver transplantation. This study investigated the usefulness of the RIFLE criteria in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) and the prognostic impact of ARI after LDLT. We analyzed 200 consecutive adult LDLT patients, categorized as risk (R), injury (I), or failure (F), according to the RIFLE(More)
AIM   Recently, the associations of +49A/G polymorphisms of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) gene with the susceptibility to type 1 autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) have been reported; however these associations are yet to be fully elucidated. This study aimed to identify the associations of CTLA-4 gene +49A/G(More)
OBJECTIVE In Caucasian type 1 autoimmune hepatitis patients with a main susceptibility of human leukocyte antigen DR3 and DR4, elderly patients have a higher frequency of concurrent autoimmune disease and cirrhosis at presentation. However, in Japanese patients, the disease is dominantly associated with DR4, and their clinical features may be different from(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major cause of hepatocarcinogenesis.To identify mutations relevant to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development, we compared the full genome sequences of HBV from the sera of patients with and without HCC. METHODS We compared the full genome sequences of HBV isolates from 37 HCC patients (HCC group 1) and 38(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has been widely used in the treatment of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). However, some patients are refractory to UDCA. The aim of this study is to clarify the additive improvement induced by bezafibrate in patients refractory to UDCA. METHODS This study was a prospective analysis of 37(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) in chronic hepatitis C patients display impaired function, although the details remain unclear. To investigate the hepatitis C virus (HCV) protein that has the most impact on DC function, we compared five recombinant proteins and seven HCV protein genes in modulating DC phenotype and function. Immature DCs (iDCs) were established from(More)