Akinobu Takaki

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The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs738409 in patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) is associated with hepatic fat accumulation and disease progression in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and alcoholic liver disease (ALD). This study was conducted to determine whether PNPLA3 rs738409 SNPs affect development(More)
Multiple parallel hits, including genetic differences, insulin resistance and intestinal microbiota, account for the progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Multiple hits induce adipokine secretion, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and oxidative stress at the cellular level that subsequently induce hepatic steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis, among(More)
Various clinical studies have indicated that interferon (IFN)-alpha treatment prevents the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in people chronically infected with hepatitis C virus. However, it has been controversial whether IFN-alpha treatment prevents HCC recurrence. The aim of this study was to identify the preventive effect of IFN-alpha(More)
Acute renal injury (ARI) is a serious complication after liver transplantation. This study investigated the usefulness of the RIFLE criteria in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) and the prognostic impact of ARI after LDLT. We analyzed 200 consecutive adult LDLT patients, categorized as risk (R), injury (I), or failure (F), according to the RIFLE(More)
The influence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on prognosis and hepatic toxicity in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the rituximab era is unclear. Thus, we analyzed 553 patients, 131 of whom were HCV-positive and 422 of whom were HCV-negative, with DLBCL treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone(More)
OBJECTIVE In Caucasian type 1 autoimmune hepatitis patients with a main susceptibility of human leukocyte antigen DR3 and DR4, elderly patients have a higher frequency of concurrent autoimmune disease and cirrhosis at presentation. However, in Japanese patients, the disease is dominantly associated with DR4, and their clinical features may be different from(More)
AIM   Recently, the associations of +49A/G polymorphisms of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) gene with the susceptibility to type 1 autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) have been reported; however these associations are yet to be fully elucidated. This study aimed to identify the associations of CTLA-4 gene +49A/G(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS A prospective, non-randomized cohort study on long-term lamivudine treatment, comparing efficacy, drug resistance, and prognosis for various stages of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver disease was performed to elucidate the significance and indication of lamivudine for individual patients at each stage of disease. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND The expressions of CD95 (Fas/APO-1) and Bcl-2 are determinants of apoptosis in normal lymphocytes, and abnormalities in their expressions might contribute to the induction of autoimmunity. In this study, we examined the expressions of CD95 and Bcl-2 on freshly isolated T and B cells from patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) or chronic(More)
Twist, a transcription factor of the basic helix-loop-helix class, is reported to regulate cancer metastasis. It is known to induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In this study, we evaluated the expression of twist and its effect on cell migration in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We examined twist expression using immunohistochemistry in 20(More)