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The aim of this report was to investigate the neural processes of movement initiation and control in which the basal ganglia play an essential role. Single-neuron activity was recorded in the putamen of monkeys performing learned arm movements initiated in three different modes: sensorially guided, internally-timed self-initiated and memory guided. There(More)
The motor unit discharges in human hand muscles were recorded during voluntary isometric contraction. Bipolar wire electrodes were inserted in the right adductor pollicis muscle (AP) and first dorsal interosseous muscle (FDI) for the recordings. Motor unit activities from these muscles were investigated when subjects exerted voluntary force to each target(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the effects of voluntary contraction of agonist and antagonist muscles on motor evoked potentials (MEP) and on myoelectric activities in the target (agonist) muscle following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). METHODS The left extensor carpi radialis (ECR) and flexor carpi radialis (FCR) muscles were studied in 16 healthy(More)
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most effective treatments for osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Dislocation of the femoral head from the acetabular socket is a major problem of THA. To prevent dislocation, it is important to know the range of motion (ROM) after THA. Although various studies on the ROM were carried out, there exist only a(More)
In the present study, the function of the somatosensory feedback system in postural control was investigated. For the sake of simplicity, the present study considered only balancing in the anteroposterior direction using the ankle strategy, in which the ankle moment is mainly used to maintain balance. To suppress the vestibular and visual feedback paths, a(More)
A field-worthy system was developed to quantify the eyelid movements in clinical sites. The system consists of a home-use charge-coupled device video camera, a processing unit, and a personal computer. A white marker of 4-mm diameter and 30-mg weight is attached to the lower margin of the upper eyelid. The processing unit automatically detects the vertical(More)
In the present study, the visual feedback system in postural control was investigated. To suppress the vestibular and proprioceptive feedback paths, a subject stood on a force-measuring plate with a fixed back support. Because the subject's body was immovable under these conditions, the subject controlled a computer model which simulated body dynamics.(More)