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It is known that the level of protein-conjugated acrolein in plasma is a good marker of chronic renal failure and brain infarction. Thus, studies were carried out to determine which kinds of plasma proteins are conjugated with acrolein. It was found that acrolein was mainly conjugated with albumin. Tandem mass spectrometry analysis demonstrated that Lys-557(More)
Polyamines play important roles in cell growth mainly through their interaction with RNA. We have previously reported that polyamines stimulate the synthesis of oligopeptide-binding protein OppA in Escherichia coli and the formation of Ile-tRNA in rat liver (Igarashi, K., and Kashiwagi, K. (2000) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 271, 559-564). These effects(More)
We have rationally designed and synthesized a novel near-infrared (NIR) photoactivating probe, designated by iDOPE, in which an indocyanine green (ICG) fluorophore is covalently conjugated with a phospholipid moiety, 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE), to incorporate into liposome bilayers. NIR irradiation showed that iDOPE retained the(More)
Calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase (CaM kinase) is proposed to regulate the type alpha of cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)alpha), which has a dominant role in the release of arachidonic acid (AA), via phosphorylation of Ser515 of the enzyme. However, the exact role of CaM kinase in the activation of cPLA(2)alpha has not been well established. We(More)
We examined the effect of the cellular sphingolipid level on the release of arachidonic acid (AA) and activity of cytosolic phospholipase A2alpha (cPLA2alpha) using two Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1-derived mutants deficient in sphingolipid synthesis: LY-B cells defective in the LCB1 subunit of serine palmitoyltransferase for de novo synthesis of(More)
Mastermind (Mam) is one of the elements of Notch signaling, a system that plays a pivotal role in metazoan development. Mam proteins form transcriptionally activating complexes with the intracellular domains of Notch, which are generated in response to the ligand-receptor interaction, and CSL DNA-binding proteins. In mammals, three structurally divergent(More)
Neuroblastoma (NB) is one of the most frequent solid tumors in children and its prognosis is still poor. The neurotrophin receptor TrkB and its ligand brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are expressed at high levels in high-risk NBs and are involved in defining the poor prognosis of the patients. However, the TrkB targeting therapy has never been(More)
Modeling the binding sites for spermine and ifenprodil on the regulatory (R) domains of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor GluN1 and GluN2B subunits was carried out after measuring spermine stimulation and ifenprodil inhibition at receptors containing GluN1 and GluN2B R domain mutants. Models were constructed based on the published crystal structure of the(More)
The aim of this study was to assess whether modulated electro-hyperthermia (mEHT) can induce an abscopal effect and thereby enhance the antitumor effects of immunotherapy. We used an intratumoral dendritic cell (DC) injection and mEHT to treat C3H/He mice inoculated with squamous cell carcinoma SCCVII cells in the left leg, and we assessed the whole body(More)
Polyamines, putrescine, spermidine (SPD), and spermine are closely linked to cell growth, and highly regulate the levels of transcription, translation and protein turnover. We propose that SPD stimulates the formation of Ile-tRNA(Ile) by inducing a selective structural change of the G-G mismatch containing acceptor stem in tRNA(Ile). Here, we provide(More)