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Differential cytosine methylation of repeats and genes is important for coordination of genome stability and proper gene expression. Through genetic screen of mutants showing ectopic cytosine methylation in a genic region, we identified a jmjC-domain gene, IBM1 (increase in bonsai methylation 1), in Arabidopsis thaliana. In addition to the ectopic cytosine(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We evaluated the diagnostic efficacy for advanced fibrosis of real-time tissue elastography (RTE), is a newly introduced non-invasive method, in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients. METHODOLOGY Sixty-six chronic liver diseases with HCV (CLD-HCV) were evaluated by RTE, FIB-4, and APRI, as well as biopsy or hepatectomy findings. Seventeen(More)
The study was made of the antibacterial effects of three terpene alcohols on Staphylococcus aureus, focusing on the leakage of K+ ions and toxicity over time. The leakage of K+ ions was monitored continuously with a K+-electrode. Our results suggested that the terpene alcohols, namely, farnesol, nerolidol and plaunotol might act on cell membranes. The rank(More)
We examined the antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus of three diterpenes, namely, geranylgeraniol, teprenone, and phytol, by using a broth dilution with shaking method to identify the effects of diterpenes with long aliphatic carbon chains. We also performed time-kill assays and measured the leakage of K(+) ions from bacterial cells in(More)
The antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus of long-chain fatty alcohols was investigated, with a focus on normal alcohols. The antibacterial activity varied with the length of the aliphatic carbon chain and not with the water/octanol partition coefficient. 1-Nonanol, 1-decanol and 1-undecanol had bactericidal activity and membrane-damaging(More)
The leakage of K(+) ions from Staphylococcus aureus in response to tea tree oil (TTO) was investigated with an ion-selective electrode. The amount of leaked K(+) ions and the rate of leakage of K(+) ions induced by TTO were dependent on the concentration of TTO. Measurements of initial rates required less time than measurements of total amounts and provided(More)
AIM The purpose of this study was to clarify the frequency of hypophosphatemia and other clinical features in patients with hepatitis B undergoing long-term therapy with adefovir dipivoxil (ADF). METHODS Seventeen hepatitis B patients treated with a combination of lamivudine and ADF were analyzed. They were divided into two groups: patients who developed(More)
A method is described for the purification of 3,3-dihydroxyazetidine (DHA), which accelerates the growth of Bifidobacterium spp., from the culture medium of Bacillus mesentericus (BM). Purification involved adsorption to an ion-exchange resin; it required less time and gave a higher yield than a previously reported method. Monitoring the inhibition of E.(More)
The synthesis of a series of mini double-stranded peptides containing chiral-x-Phe-y-Phe-peptide residues and the diastereomeric selective effects of these compounds on Escherichia coli NIHJ JC-2 and Staphylococcus aureus FDA 209P growth are described. In the case of bis(y-Phe-x-Phe)-N,N-ethane-1,2-diamine, bis(y-Phe-x-Phe)-N,N-buthane-1,4-diamine,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIM Synchronous neoplasms (SNs) are occasionally found in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We examined such cases and the efficacy of 18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron-emission tomography computed tomography (PET/CT), retrospectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS We investigated 687 naïve HCC, who were admitted to our hospitals, encountered from(More)