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AIM Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has been associated with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and patients suffer from repeated episodes of hypoxia. Platelet-derived microparticles (PDMPs) are released via platelet activation by various agonists, including inflammatory cytokines or high shear stress. Plasminogen activator inhibitor -1(More)
An inherited antithrombin deficiency is an autosomal dominant thrombotic disorder. We identified two pedigrees of inherited type I antithrombin deficiency and two responsible mutations in each. A novel 21-22delAA appeared to have caused a frameshift with a premature termination at amino acid +63 in one patient and a large deletion including all seven exons(More)
INTRODUCTION Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is the rate limiting enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of heme into biliverdin, free iron, and carbon monoxide (CO). The first human case of HO-1 deficiency showed abnormalities in blood coagulation and the fibrinolytic system. Thus, HO-1 or HO-1 products, such as CO, might regulate coagulation and the fibrinolytic(More)
Protein S (PS) acts as a cofactor for activated protein C in the plasma anticoagulant system. PS Lys196-to-Glu (K196E) mutation is a genetic risk factor for venous thromboembolism in Japanese individuals. Because of the substantial overlap in PS anticoagulant activity between KK (wild-type) and KE (heterozygous) genotypes, it is difficult to identify PS(More)
INTRODUCTION Inherited antithrombin (AT) deficiency is associated with a predisposition to familial venous thromboembolic disease. We analyzed the AT gene in three unrelated patients with an AT deficiency who developed thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed the SERPINC1 gene in three patients. Additionally, we expressed the three mutants in the(More)
Previous studies have found markedly elevated serum concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines in patients with Graves' disease (GD). We investigated the role of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) in GD. We assayed concentrations of M-CSF in sera from 32 patients with GD (25 untreated; 7 receiving thiamazole therapy). We also studied 32(More)
We summarize causative genetic mutations for antithrombin (AT) deficiency and their clinical background in Japanese patients. A total of 19 mutations, including seven novel mutations, were identified. We also summarize clinical symptoms of thrombosis, age at onset, family history, and contributing factors for thrombosis, and review the use of prophylactic(More)
Congenital factor VII (FVII) deficiency is a bleeding disorder that requires optimal hemostatic management for each case due to its wide variety of bleeding symptoms. We experienced a patient with inherited FVII deficiency who demonstrated different FVII activities depending on tissue thromboplastins used for assays. An 82-year-old woman without any(More)