We examined the possibility that direct stimulation of the angiotensin II type 2 (AT(2)) receptor by a newly generated direct AT(2) receptor agonist, Compound 21 (C21), enhances cognitive function. Treatment with C21 intraperitoneal injection for 2 weeks significantly enhanced cognitive function evaluated by the Morris water maze test in C57BL6 mice, but… (More)
We previously reported that angiotensin II type 2 (AT(2)) receptor signaling prevents neural damage and cognitive impairment after focal cerebral ischemia. We investigated the possible roles of the AT(2) receptor in the sex difference, focusing on cognitive function and ischemic brain damage using AT(2) receptor-deficient mice (Agtr2(-)). In Agtr2(-),… (More)
The metabolic syndrome is closely related to dietary habits and seems to be associated with impairment of cognitive function in humans. Angiotensin receptor blockers are widely used with the expectation of preventing cardiovascular events and stroke and potential amelioration of the metabolic syndrome. We examined the diet-induced changes of cognitive… (More)
Phylogenetic analysis based on A) the 16S ribosomal RNA gene (16SrRNA) and B) flagellin gene of Borrelia spp. Representative Borrelia spp. were used. GenBank accession numbers are in parentheses. These primers were designated by DNA sequence alignment of 5 of 16SrRNA (GenBank accession nos.
A 70-year-old woman with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) presented with a primary cerebellar pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) with anaplastic features manifesting as worsening headache and ataxia. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging on admission showed a diffusely enhanced solid mass in the left cerebellar hemisphere, although MR imaging showed no abnormalities 2… (More)
A case of Rickettsia heilongjiangensis infection in Japan was identified in a 35-year-old man who had rash, fever, and eschars. Serum contained R. heilongjiangensis antibodies, and eschars contained R. heilongjiangensis DNA. R. heilongjiangensis was also isolated from ticks in the suspected geographic area of infection.
fects of recombinant tumor necrosis factor alpha on cultured pulmonary artery and lung microvascular endothelial mono-layers. To the Editor: In response to a recent report that suggested human infection with Rickettsia japonica in northeastern Thailand (1), we phylo-genetically reexamined spotted fever group rickettsiae (SFGR) from Thai-land. The organism… (More)
We developed a specific and rapid detection system for Rickettsia japonica and R. heilongjiangensis, the causative agents of spotted fever, using a TaqMan minor groove binder probe for a particular open reading frame (ORF) identified by the R. japonica genome project. The target ORF was present only in R. japonica-related strains.
One of the major routes of transmission of rickettsial and ehrlichial diseases is via ticks that infest numerous host species, including humans. Besides mammals, reptiles and amphibians also carry ticks that may harbor Rickettsia and Ehrlichia strains that are pathogenic to humans. Furthermore, reptiles and amphibians are exempt from quarantine in Japan,… (More)