Akiko Saito-hakoda

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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ, a nuclear hormone receptor, is activated by its agonists including anti-diabetic thiazolidinediones, and has recently been reported to exert beneficial effects in the vasculature independently of its anti-diabetic effects. We here discuss our recent findings on the beneficial pleiotropic effects of PPARγ(More)
We generated a stable H295R cell line expressing aldosterone synthase gene (CYP11B2) promoter/luciferase chimeric reporter construct that is highly sensitive to angiotensin II (AII) and potassium, and defined AII receptor blocker (ARB) effects. In the presence of AII, all ARBs suppressed AII-induced CYP11B2 transcription. However, telmisartan alone(More)
ABCC8 encodes the sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) subunits of the beta-cell ATP-sensitive potassium (K-ATP) channel playing a critical role in the regulation of insulin secretion, and inactivating mutations in ABCC8 cause congenital hyperinsulinism. Recently, ABCC8 inactivating mutations were reported to be involved in the development of diabetes mellitus(More)
Cushing's disease is a disorder caused by excessive ACTH secretion from a corticotroph tumor of the pituitary gland. Although its standard therapy is a transsphenoidal surgery, innovation of novel medical treatments for the disease is urgently necessary. Retinoic acid (RA) has been reported to suppress adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion in(More)
Several studies have described brain white matter abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in children and adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), while the brain MRI findings of newborn infants with CAH have not been clarified. We report a newborn boy with CAH who presented brain white matter abnormality on MRI. He was diagnosed as(More)
The effects of retinoids on adrenal aldosterone synthase gene (CYP11B2) expression and aldosterone secretion are still unknown. We therefore examined the effects of nuclear retinoid X receptor (RXR) pan-agonist PA024 on CYP11B2 expression, aldosterone secretion and blood pressure, to elucidate its potential as a novel anti-hypertensive drug. We demonstrated(More)
Various retinoid X receptor (RXR) agonists have recently been developed, and some of them have shown anti-tumor effects both in vivo and in vitro. However, there has been no report showing the effects of RXR agonists on Cushing's disease, which is caused by excessive ACTH secretion in a corticotroph tumor of the pituitary gland. Therefore, we examined the(More)
Achondroplasia and Down syndrome are relatively common conditions individually. But co-occurrence of both conditions in the same patient is rare and there have been no reports of fetal analysis of this condition by prenatal sonographic and three-dimensional (3-D) helical computed tomography (CT). Prenatal sonographic findings seen in persons with Down(More)
Background Heparan sulphate proteoglycan (HSPG) is present in the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and is thought to play a major role in the glomerular charge barrier. Reductions and structural alterations of HSPG are observed in different types of kidney diseases accompanied by proteinuria. However, their causal relations remain unknown. Methods We(More)
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heritable disorder characterized by increased bone fragility, low bone mass, dentinogenesis imperfecta, and blue sclerae. Most patients with OI have a mutation in either COL1A1 or COL1A2, which encode type I collagen. We screened these genes in Japanese patients with OI and compared their genotype and phenotype, focusing on(More)