Akiko Ohtani

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The cytotoxic activity of cis-[((1R,2R)-1,2-cyclohexanediamine-N, N')bis(myristato)]platinum (II) (SM-11355) was evaluated in a cisplatin (CDDP)-resistant tumor cell line, and compared with that of CDDP. H4-II-E / CDDP with acquired resistance to CDDP was established by continuous exposure of a rat hepatic tumor line, H4-II-E, to increasing concentrations(More)
The drug interactions between four human immune deficiency virus (HIV-1) protease inhibitors have been characterized by in-vitro metabolic studies using rat liver microsomal fractions and in-vivo oral administration. In this study, a new HPLC analytical method developed by us was used for the simultaneous determination of saquinavir and nelfinavir in rat(More)
We examined roles of neurotensin in the dendrite formation and the maturation of dendritic spines in the rat cerebral cortex. Embryonic day (E) 18 cortical neurons were cultured for 2 or 4 days in the presence of neurotensin. The chronic treatment of cortical neurons with neurotensin for 4 days increased the dendritic length of non-GABAergic neurons. In(More)
Environmental factors during perinatal period have various effects on behavior. The present study examined the effects of prenatal stress and neonatal handling on anxiety and spatial learning of offspring. Prenatal stress increased anxiety-related behavior of adult offspring, whereas neonatal handling had no effect. In contrast, spatial learning was not(More)
Dendritic spines are postsynaptic structures which are formed from filopodia. We examined roles of serotonin (5-HT) receptors in the spine formation. Embryonic rat cortical neurons were cultured for 10 or 14 days and treated by 5-HT receptor agonists for 24 h. At 11 days in vitro, 5-HT(1A) agonist increased filopodia density, whereas 5-HT(2A/2C) agonist(More)
Choline/ethanolamine kinase (ChoK/EtnK) exists as at least three isoforms (alpha1, alpha2 and beta) in mammalian cells. The physiological significance for the existence of more than one form of the enzyme, however, remains to be determined. In the present study, we examined the expression and distribution of the isoforms in mouse tissues using(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) regulates the development of cerebral cortex, but 5-HT receptors mediating the effects are poorly understood. We investigated roles of 5-HT2A receptor in dendritic growth cones using dissociation culture of rat cerebral cortex. Neurons at embryonic day 16 were cultured for 4 days and treated with 5-HT2A/2C receptor agonist (DOI) for 4h. DOI(More)
The serotonin type 3 (5-HT(3)) receptor is an only ligand-gated ion channel among 14 serotonin receptors. Here, we examined the roles of the 5-HT(3) receptor in the formation of dendrites and axons, using a dissociation culture of embryonic rat cerebral cortex. Cortical neurons at embryonic day 16 were cultured for 4 days in the presence of a selective(More)
We examined roles of calcitonin family peptides in the initial stages of dendrite formation and the maturation of dendritic spines in the rat cerebral cortex in vitro. Embryonic day 18 cortical neurons were dissociated and cultured for 2-3days in the presence of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), calcitonin, amylin or adrenomedullin. The treatment of(More)
Choline}ethanolamine kinase (ChoK}EtnK) exists as at least three isoforms (α1, α2 and β) in mammalian cells. The physiological significance for the existence of more than one form of the enzyme, however, remains to be determined. In the present study, we examined the expression and distribution of the isoforms in mouse tissues using isoform-specific cDNA(More)