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The authors report the treatment of seven intracranial aneurysms in six patients with direct infusion of cellulose acetate polymer solution, a new liquid thrombotic material. These aneurysms were considered inoperable because of their size or location, or because of the patient's neurological condition. This material avoids the difficulties associated with(More)
Electrical stimulation of the posterior limb of the internal capsule was performed in six patients with central pain due to vascular lesions of the thalamus. Three patients suffered from thalamic hemorrhage and the other three from ischemic insult. These patients developed dysesthesia, hyperpathia and spontaneous burning pain several months after cerebral(More)
The mechanism of pain relief by internal capsule (IC) stimulation was investigated in 32 adult cats. Nociceptive neuronal activity of the nucleus ventralis posteromedialis (VPM), responding to contralateral pulp stimulation, was suppressed by IC stimulation to a greater extent than activity in the posterior nuclear group (PO) or centre-median nucleus. On(More)
Motor and sensory responses induced by trial stimulation were examined before stereotaxically implanting a permanent stimulating electrode for pain relief in 11 patients with intractable pain of central origin. The total number of points eliciting a response when stimulated was 70. The points of stimulation were determined as exactly as possible from(More)
Facilitation of the opiate-mediated system provides relief of excess pain but not of deafferentation pain. Influence on neuronal hyper-activity, which was provoked after the deafferentation of the peripheral trigeminal nerve (deafferentation hyperactivity; DH), by stimulation of the internal capsule (IC), VPM nucleus of the thalamus and by the cerebral(More)
Three cases of aneurysms of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery are reported. Two of the aneurysms were located in the cerebellopontine angle and one in the ventral portion of the pons. Through a suboccipital craniectomy, beck clipping was performed on one aneurysm, neck ligation on another, and coating on the third. A discussion of the surgical(More)
Both calmodulin and S-100 protein are Ca2+-binding proteins of the EF-hand family. Immunocytochemical study revealed that calmodulin existed mainly in the neurons, whereas S-100 protein was localized primarily in the glial cells of the cerebral and cerebellar cortices of man and monkey. The observed reverse cellular distribution of calmodulin to S-100(More)
EEG, depth recordings from the thalamus, visual-evoked potentials, and readiness motor potentials were analyzed with a computer in 40 patients with involuntary movements and intractable pain who underwent stereotactic thalamotomy. It was demonstrated that there were significant correlations in alpha-rhythms between the ventrolateral (VL) nucleus and the(More)