Akiko Matsunaga

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In the last few years, a lot of publications suggested that disabling cerebellar ataxias may develop through immune-mediated mechanisms. In this consensus paper, we discuss the clinical features of the main described immune-mediated cerebellar ataxias and address their presumed pathogenesis. Immune-mediated cerebellar ataxias include cerebellar ataxia(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the genetic, clinicopathologic, and neuroimaging characteristics of patients with hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS) with the colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF-1R) mutation. METHODS We performed molecular genetic analysis of CSF-1R in patients with HDLS. Detailed clinical and neuroimaging findings(More)
BACKGROUND Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) presents with a variety of neurologic and neuropsychiatric features. In this study, we investigated the clinical and immunological profiles of the cerebellar ataxic form of HE. METHODS The clinical features, treatments, laboratory features, brain imaging, and serum anti-NH(2)-terminal of α-enolase autoantibodies(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in multiple cases of Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE). METHODS Seven untreated patients with HE and 10 age-matched healthy controls underwent brain single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with N-isopropyl-p-[(123)I]iodoamphetamine. All patients(More)
Polymorphism at codon 219 lysine in prion protein (PrP) is considered to affect the clinicopathological features of prion diseases including Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and to have an inhibiting effect on the pathogenesis of these diseases. We describe the first autopsied case of dura mater graft-associated CJD (dCJD) with heterozygosity of lysine at(More)
We report 2 patients showing invasion of aspergillosis into the central nerve system (CNS). Patient 1, an 81-year-old woman, underwent surgery for sphenoidal sinusitis. She developed cerebral infarction with unconsciousness on 12th postoperative day. CSF examination demonstrated pleocytosis with increased protein and aspergillus antigen. She was diagnosed(More)
Several types of autoantibodies have been reported in autoimmune limbic encephalitis (LE), such as antibodies against the voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC) complex including leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1). We recently reported a patient with autoimmune LE and serum anti-NH2-terminal of α-enolase (NAE) antibodies, a specific diagnostic marker(More)
Here, we report a case of Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) mimicking Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). A 57-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for status epilepticus. He had gradually presented personality change over the last two years. On admission, he was in state of akinetic mutism. He exhibited seizures on the left side of his body, including the(More)
Endocrine diseases affecting various organs, such as the pituitary gland, the thyroid, the parathyroid, the adrenal glands and the pancreas, occasionally cause dementia. While Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the main cause of dementia in the elderly and is untreatable, dementia caused by endocrine diseases is treatable in most cases. However, patients with(More)
In stroke-like episodes (SEs) of patients with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS), the detection of preclinically latent lesions is a challenge. We report regional cerebral hyperperfusion observed on arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the preclinical phase more(More)