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A simple and sensitive human proinsulin radioimmunoassay system was developed using guinea pig antiproinsulin serum, which cross-reacted neither with human insulin nor C-peptide. The recognition site of the antiserum seems to be located near the junction between the B chain and C-peptide. With this assay system, we studied the serum proinsulin concentration(More)
Serum proinsulin is disproportionately elevated compared to insulin in Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. We studied the effect of obesity on serum proinsulin with varying degrees of glucose intolerance. Serum proinsulin and insulin were measured during a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test in 73 obese and 74 non-obese subjects with normal,(More)
We measured the concentration in plasma of fibronectin, a recently characterized high molecular weight glycoprotein, in patients with various liver diseases. We found that it was significantly increased in acute hepatitis, fatty liver, all types of chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis without clinical evidence of ascites. Only in patients at the(More)
BACKGROUND Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is triggered by emotional or physical stress especially in post-menopausal women. A reduction in estrogen levels following menopause might underlie the high incidence of takotsubo cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS The left ventricular contraction between ovariectomized rats (OVX) and OVX with estrogen supplementation(More)
A double-antibody radioimmunoassay method, using synthetic human connecting peptide as an immunizing antigen and standard, was evaluated for clinical assay of blood and urine samples. Normal fasting blood connecting peptide immunoreacivity (CPR) was 2.45±0.96 ng/ml, increasing promptly after a 50 g oral glucose load, but somewhat slower than insulin. Molar(More)
Glucagon (1 mg) and glucose (60 ml of 50% solution) were infused over 60 min to three normal and one obese subjects and two insulinoma patients. Plasma C-peptide immunoreactivity (CPR) and immunoreactive insulin (IRI) increased during the infusion. Half time of CPR after cessation of the infusion was 20.1±4.0 min, and that of IRI 9.8±1.3 min, respectively.(More)
OBJECTIVE The histological alteration of the exocrine pancreas in obesity has not been clarified. In the present study, we investigated biochemical and histological changes in the exocrine pancreas of obese model rats. METHODS Zucker lean rats were fed a standard diet, and Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats were divided into 2 groups fed a standard diet and(More)
AIMS We investigated whether a cholesterol enriched-diet upregulated mRNA expression of the lipid metabolism related-proteins, retinoid binding protein (RBP), heart fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), and cutaneous fatty acid binding protein (C-FABP), in liver and adipose tissue, and examined the effect of ginger on the expression of these genes. MAIN(More)
The protective effects of hesperidin against hypercholesterolemia and fatty liver were examined in male Wistar rats fed a high-cholesterol diet for 12 weeks. Compared with a standard diet, a high-cholesterol diet not only increased body weights, liver weights, and serum concentration of cholesterol, but also induced the fatty degeneration (steatosis) of(More)
Family histories of diabetes mellitus in first-degree relatives were compared in Japanese patients with Type 1 (insulin-dependent) and Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes. The frequency of positive family histories for diabetes in first-degree relatives was 24% (13/55) in Type 1, 44% (281/631) in Type 2 (p<0.01 versus Type 1) and 47% (16/34) when the(More)