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Chitosanase from Bacillus circulans MH-K1 is a 29-kDa extracellular protein composed of 259 amino acids. The crystal structure of chitosanase from B. circulans MH-K1 has been determined by multiwavelength anomalous diffraction method and refined to crystallographic R = 19.2% (R(free) = 23.5%) for the diffraction data at 1.6-A resolution collected by(More)
The sensor proteins for blue light using the FAD (BLUF) domain belong to the third family of the photoreceptor proteins using a flavin chromophore, where the other two families are phototropins and cryptochromes. As the first structure of this BLUF domain, we have determined the crystal structure of the Tll0078 protein from Thermosynechococcus elongatus(More)
The [2Fe-2S] transcription factor SoxR, a member of the MerR family, functions as a bacterial sensor of oxidative stress such as superoxide and nitric oxide. SoxR is activated by reversible one-electron oxidation of the [2Fe-2S] cluster and then enhances the production of various antioxidant proteins through the soxRS regulon. In the active state, SoxR and(More)
BACKGROUND Catechol dioxygenases catalyze the ring cleavage of catechol and its derivatives in either an intradiol or extradiol manner. These enzymes have a key role in the degradation of aromatic molecules in the environment by soil bacteria. Catechol 2, 3-dioxygenase catalyzes the incorporation of dioxygen into catechol and the extradiol ring cleavage to(More)
The crystal structure of the catalytic subunit of the protein phosphatase 1 (PP1), PP1 gamma, in complex with a marine toxin, calyculin A, was determined at 2.0 A resolution. The metal binding site contains the phosphate group of calyculin A and forms a tight network via the hydrophilic interactions between PP1 and calyculin A. Calyculin A is located in two(More)
There exists a d-enantiomer of aspartic acid in lactic acid bacteria and several hyperthermophilic archaea, which is biosynthesized from the l-enantiomer by aspartate racemase. Aspartate racemase is a representative pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-independent amino acid racemase. The "two-base" catalytic mechanism has been proposed for this type of racemase,(More)
Novokinin (RPLKPW), LPYPR, and rubiscolin (YPLDLF) are bioactive peptides with respective hypotensive, hypocholesterolemic, and memory-enhancing activities. We generated transgenic soybean lines that expressed modified forms of the alpha' subunit of seed storage protein beta-conglycinin containing tandem repeats of these bioactive peptides. The modified(More)
Mouthless and gutless marine animals, pogonophorans and vestimentiferans, obtain their nutrition solely from their symbiotic chemoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. These animals have sulfide-binding 400-kDa and/or 3,500-kDa Hb, which transports oxygen and sulfide simultaneously. The symbiotic bacteria are supplied with sulfide by Hb of the host animal(More)
The crystal structure of an oxidatively stable subtilisin-like alkaline serine protease, KP-43 from Bacillus sp. KSM-KP43, with a C-terminal extension domain, was determined by the multiple isomorphous replacements method with anomalous scattering. The native form was refined to a crystallographic R factor of 0.134 (Rfree of 0.169) at 1.30-A resolution.(More)