Akiko Hashida-Okumura

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Skeletal muscles are composed of slow- and fast-twitch muscle fibers, which have high potential in aerobic and anaerobic ATP production, respectively. To investigate the molecular basis of the difference in their functions, we examined protein profiles of skeletal muscles using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and two-dimensional(More)
L-Carnosine is a bioactive dipeptide present in mammalian tissues including the central nervous system. We have recently shown that L-carnosine is involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis through the autonomic nervous system, but the mechanisms for its biosynthesis and degradation have not yet been fully elucidated. Here we report the biochemical(More)
Neuronal nitric-oxide synthase (nNOS) has a PSD-95/Dlg/ZO-1 (PDZ) domain that can interact with multiple proteins. nNOS has been known to interact with PSD-95 and a related protein, PSD-93, in brain and with alpha1-syntrophin in skeletal muscle in mammals. In this study, we have purified an nNOS-interacting protein from bovine brain using an affinity column(More)
We have conducted experiments to clarify the existence of extraretinal photosensitivity in mammals through the measurements of skin blood flow variation due to light irradiation. We found that blood flow shows a synchronized transient increase with a irradiation-nonirradiation sequence. The action spectrum of the phenomenon was found to show peaks at(More)
Bovine adrenals were found to contain a factor that activates neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and reduces the blood pressure when injected into the lateral cerebral ventricle (LCV). This factor showed chemical and functional characteristics similar to flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). Therefore, the effect of FAD on neuronal NOS activity was examined.(More)
Mammalian tissues contain several histidine-containing dipeptides, of which L-carnosine is the best characterized and is found in various tissues including the brain and skeletal muscles. However, the mechanism for its biosynthesis and degradation have not yet been fully elucidated. Crystallographic study of carnosinase CN2 from mouse has been undertaken in(More)
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