Akikazu Hatanaka

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The relationships between the chemical structures and the odor characteristics were examined on a series of highly purified n-hexenols and n-hexenals-(14 isomers). The C6-enals and the corresponding alcohols resembled in odor characteristics each other. However, the odor strength of the aldehydes was 100-1000 times higher than those of the alcohols. In the(More)
The biosynthetic pathway to natural pyrethrins in Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium seedlings was studied using [1-13C]d-glucose as a precursor, with pyrethrin I isolated using HPLC from a leaf extract. The 13C NMR spectrum of pyrethrin I from the precursor-administered seedlings indicated that the acid moiety was biosynthesized from d-glucose via(More)
In the present study, the effects of exposure to plant-derived odors on the autonomic and behavioral responses to novel environment were examined in rats. Male rats (n=42) carrying a telemetry transmitter were individually housed, and on the test day each rat was transferred to a new cage containing bedding that had been sprayed immediately before testing(More)
The effects of eight compounds, constituting the so-called "natural green odor", including leaf alcohol, on the event-related potential (P300) were investigated. In experiments with a series of single compounds, each of these eight compounds could be characterized by an overall change consisting predominantly of an increase, a decrease or no change in the(More)
All eight C6-aliphatic alcohol and aldehyde compounds in naturally occurring green leaves showed bacteriostatic effects against Staphylococcus aureus IFO 12732, methicillin-resistant S. aureus, Escherichia coli IFO 3301, E. coli O157:H7, and Salmonella enteritidis, with bacteriostatic activities of less than 12.5 microg mL(-1). In this study, the(More)
Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was performed to investigate thermodynamic properties of three carp fast skeletal light meromyosin (LMM) isoforms expressed in Escherichia coli by recombinant DNAs. Three isoforms were the 10 degreesC-, intermediate-, and 30 degreesC-type LMM predominantly expressed in carp acclimated to 10, 20, and 30 degreesC. The(More)
Four green-odour compounds—trans-2-hexenal, cis-3-hexenol, n-hexanal, and cis-3-hexenal—were applied (0.85 μg ml−1 as vapour) to rice plants in laboratory conditions to observe their biological activity against the phytopathogenic fungus Maganporthe oryzae, which causes rice blast disease worldwide. Two compounds, trans-2-hexenal and cis-3-hexenal, showed(More)
A mutant strain of LEC rats (Long-Evans rats with a cinnamon-like coat color) develop spontaneous hepatic injury associated with severe jaundice about 4 months after birth. Recently, we obtained evidence which shows an unusual accumulation of copper (Cu) in the liver of LEC rats, followed by the finding of copper-metallothionein (Cu-MT) induction. To know(More)
Fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase (HPO lyase) is an enzyme that cleaves hydroperoxides of polyunsaturated fatty acids to form short chain aldehydes and omega-oxoacids. Spectrophotometric analyses of HPO lyase highly purified from green bell pepper fruits indicate that it is a heme protein. The heme species was revealed to be heme b (protoheme IX) from the(More)
Although natural insecticides pyrethrins produced by Tanacetum cinerariifolium are used worldwide to control insect pest species, little information is known of their biosynthesis. From the buds of T. cinerariifolium, we have purified a protein that is able to transfer the chrysanthemoyl group from the coenzyme A (CoA) thioester to pyrethrolone to produce(More)