Akihito Nagahara

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BACKGROUND Visceral hypersensitivity plays a major role in the pathogenesis of non-erosive oesophageal reflux disease (NERD). Prevalence of NERD differs according to the population and geographical region. Oesophageal hypersensitivity in NERD has not been well studied, especially in Japanese patients. AIM To investigate oesophageal hypersensitivity in(More)
General interest in functional gastrointestinal disorders is increasing among Japanese doctors as well as patients. This increase can be attributed to a number of factors, including recent increased interest in quality of life and advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal disease. Japan recently became the world’s first(More)
We have recently developed an on-site diagnostic kit for H. pylori infection using urine (utilizing immunochromatographic method employing a nitrocellulose membrane coated by extracted H. pylori antigen). Accordingly, we investigated its usefulness in 155 consecutive dyspeptic patients using the 13C urea breath test as a gold standard and further compared(More)
BACKGROUND Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) is a new treatment method for the removal of infectious pathogens using a photosensitizer and light of a specific wavelength, e.g., toluidine blue with a wavelength of about 600 nm. We explored a new photosensitizer and focused on indocyanine green (ICG), which has high absorption at a wavelength of(More)
A 63-year-oldwomanwas referred to our hospital for further investigation of a gastric mucosal abnormality in an upper gastrointestinal series. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) demonstrated two areas of flat, widespread blackish pigmentation situated 30 to 33cm, and 34 to 38cm from the incisor teeth (●" Fig.1), and no gastric mucosal abnormality.(More)
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities consisting essentially of obesity, especially abdominal obesity. Metabolic syndrome has been highlighted as a risk factor for cardiovascular and other chronic diseases. Obesity has been implicated in various gastrointestinal diseases such as gastroesophageal reflux diseases and colorectal cancer.(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have compared the efficacy of proton pump inhibitors in resolving the symptoms of non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and of erosive gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Japan. AIM To investigate and compare the efficacy of 4-week course of rabeprazole 10 mg/day on symptom resolution in NERD and erosive GERD in Japan. METHODS(More)
Effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on gastric wound repair were assessed. Artificial wounds of uniform size were made by mechanical cell denudation in confluent rabbit gastric mucosal cell sheets. The changes in wound size were analyzed quantitatively. The wound repair process contained an initial migration stage and a later proliferation stage. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Although mucosal protective agents have been used frequently for treatment of symptomatic gastritis, there has been no well-controlled study of functional dyspepsia. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a 4-week treatment with rebamipide for the relief of overall dyspeptic symptoms and the improvement in quality of life(More)
As an increase in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been reported in Japan, and public interest in GERD has been increasing, the Japanese Society of Gastroenterology published the Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines for GERD (1st edition) in 2009. Six years have passed since its publication, and there have been a large number of reports in(More)