Akihito A Adachi

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Mammalian circadian clocks consist of complex integrated feedback loops that cannot be elucidated without comprehensive measurement of system dynamics and determination of network structures. To dissect such a complicated system, we took a systems-biological approach based on genomic, molecular and cell biological techniques. We profiled suprachiasmatic(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is the neuroanatomical locus of the mammalian circadian pacemaker. Here we demonstrate that an abrupt shift in the light/dark (LD) cycle disrupts the synchronous oscillation of circadian components in the rat SCN. The phases of the RNA cycles of the period genes Per1 and Per2 and the cryptochrome gene Cry1 shifted rapidly(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-like immunoreactive terminal fields were examined in the lateral septum of the pigeon by means of immunocytochemistry. According to light-microscopic observations, these projections originated from VIP-like immunoreactive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-contacting neurons, which are located in the ependymal layer of the lateral(More)
Kisspeptin/metastin has been implicated as a critical regulator in luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion and the reproductive system mediating the effect of estrogen on GnRH neurons. In the present study we examined the sex differences in the effects of estrogen on Kiss1/kisspeptin expression in the forebrain by using gonadectomized rats to assess the(More)
Although it is known that glucocorticoids induce differentiation of growth hormone (GH)-producing cells in rodents and birds, the effect of mineralocorticoids on GH mRNA expression and the origin of corticosteroids affecting somatotrope differentiation have not been elucidated. In this study, we therefore carried out experiments to determine the effect of(More)
Photic resetting of a biological clock is one of the fundamental characteristics of circadian systems and allows living organisms to adjust to a particular environment. Nocturnal light induces the Per1 and Per2 genes, which leads to a resetting of the circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the mammalian circadian center. In our present study,(More)
The expression of Kiss1 in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) and its product, metastin/kisspeptin, show a circadian pattern with a peak in the evening, which shows a strong phase relationship with the time of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)/luteinizing hormone (LH) surge in rodents. Here we report that a circadian transcriptional(More)
We performed comparative proteomic analyses of pituitary tumor-derived cell lines, and found a new protein, preliminarily called hydrophobestin, which was produced only in somatotrophic cells, MtT/S, but not in non-hormone-producing cells, MtT/E. Hydrophobestin is encoded by the cell growth regulatory gene, Cgr11, which is known to have growth-suppressive(More)
The mammalian circadian oscillator is composed of interacting positive and negative transcription events. The clock proteins PER1 and PER2 play essential roles in a negative limb of the feedback loop that generates the circadian rhythm in mammals. In addition, the proteins CLOCK and BMAL1 (also known as ARNTL) form a heterodimer that drives the Per genes(More)
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