Akihisa Kamata

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To clarify the mechanisms of interaction between adenosine A(1) receptor (A1-R) and adenosine A(2) receptor (A2-R) on neurotransmitter release, this study determined the functional interactions among adenosine receptors (AD-Rs), voltage-sensitive Ca(2+) channels (VSCCs), protein kinases (PKs), and synaptic proteins [N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF)(More)
1. To elucidate possible mechanisms underlying the effects of carbamazepine (CBZ), valproate (VPA) and zonisamide (ZNS) on neurotransmitter exocytosis, the interaction between these three antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and botulinum toxins (BoNTs) on basal, Ca(2+)- and K(+)-evoked release of dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) were determined by microdialysis in(More)
To elucidate mechanisms of hippocampal serotonin release and possible mechanisms of clinical action of carbamazepine (CBZ), we determined interaction between antagonists of N-type (omega-conotoxin GVIA:GVIA), P-type (omega-agatoxin IVA:IVA) Ca(2+) channels, Na(+) channel (tetrodotoxin: TTX) and CBZ on hippocampal basal, Ca(2+)- and K(+)-evoked serotonin(More)
To explore the pathogenesis of benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC), we determined effects of KCNQ-related M-channels (KCNQ-channels) on hippocampal glutamate (Glu) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) releases using microdialysis, and propagation of evoked field-potentials (FP) using multielectrode (64-ch)-dish system as two-dimensional monitoring.(More)
To clarify the mechanisms of action of carbamazepine (CBZ), we investigated the effects of CBZ on acetylcholine (ACh) release and metabolism in rat striatum and hippocampus. Acute administration of effective dose of CBZ (25 mg/kg) increased both striatal and hippocampal extracellular levels of ACh, whereas a supraeffective dose of CBZ (50 mg/kg) did not(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the marital status of the patients with epilepsy to clarify the clinical factors impeding improvement of the quality of life in adults with epilepsy. METHODS We examined the marital status of adult patients with epilepsy who did not have mental retardation and had been treated at Hirosaki University Hospital, Hirosaki, Japan, for(More)
To clarify the mechanisms of action of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), carbamazepine (CBZ) and zonisamide (ZNS), on exocytosis mechanisms, the present study determined the concentration-dependent action of CBZ and ZNS, as well as the interaction between these AEDs and voltage-sensitive Ca(2+) channel (VSCC) activity on basal, Ca(2+)- and K(+)-evoked(More)
We examined the employment and marital status of adult patients with epilepsy who did not have mental retardation and who had been treated at Hirosaki University Hospital, Hirosaki, Japan, for more than 5 years. The present study included 278 patients (142 males and 136 females) ranging from 20 to 60 years of age. We investigated the occupational status of(More)
We studied age-related changes and the caliber of the ductus arteriosus (DA) after two-pathway inhibition of prostaglandin E(2) and nitric oxide (NO) by the combined administration of indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, and N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), an NO synthase inhibitor, in fetal rats. Pregnant rats from day 18 to 21 of(More)
The role of nitric oxide (NO) on the ductus arteriosus (DA) patency was examined in fetal rats at various stages of gestation. N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 50 mg/kg, i.p.), an NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor, or indomethacin (3 mg/kg, p.o.), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, was administered at 3 hr before cesarean section to pregnant rats ranging from(More)