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The determination of the atomic configuration of metallic glasses is a long-standing problem in materials science and solid-state physics. So far, only average structural information derived from diffraction and spectroscopic methods has been obtained. Although various atomic models have been proposed in the past fifty years, a direct observation of the(More)
Shear bands generally initiate strain softening and result in low ductility of metallic glasses. In this Letter, we report high-resolution electron microscope observations of shear bands in a ductile metallic glass. Strain softening caused by localized shearing was found to be effectively prevented by nanocrystallization that is in situ produced by plastic(More)
Bulk metallic glasses--formed by supercooling the liquid state of certain metallic alloys--have potentially superior mechanical properties to crystalline materials. Here, we report a Co(43)Fe(20)Ta(5.5)B(31.5) glassy alloy exhibiting ultrahigh fracture strength of 5,185 MPa, high Young's modulus of 268 GPa, high specific strength of 6.0 x 10(5) Nm kg(-1)(More)
Completely glassy thin films of Zr-Al-Cu-Ni exhibiting a large supercooled liquid region (DeltaT(x) = 95 K), very smooth surface (R(a) = 0.2 nm) and high value of Vickers hardness (H(v) = 940) were deposited by sputtering. The micro/nano-patterning ability of these films is demonstrated by focused ion beam etching (smallest pattern approximately 12 nm), as(More)
2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag Gm including ultrahigh strength, high hardness, large elastic limit, [1–3] and magnetic applications with sizes ranging from micrometers to centimeters, but the fabrication and characterization down to nanoscale lengths remains an important challenge. Progress has been hindered by the lack of bottom-up methodologies to produce(More)
The local atomic structure of nano-quasicrystal-forming Zr(80)Pt(20) binary glassy alloy was investigated by reverse Monte Carlo modeling based on the results of x-ray diffraction. A prepeak at Q∼17 nm(-1) originating from the unique bonding between the Pt-Pt pair is observed in the structure factor. Voronoi analysis indicates that an icosahedral-like(More)
The lack of new functional applications for metallic glasses hampers further development of these fascinating materials. In this letter, we report for the first time that the MgZn-based metallic glass powders have excellent functional ability in degrading azo dyes which are typical organic water pollutants. Their azo dye degradation efficiency is about 1000(More)
The introduction of ferromagnetic order in ZnO results in a transparent piezoelectric ferromagnet and further expands its already wide range of applications into the emerging field of spintronics. Through an analysis of density functional calculations we determine the nature of magnetic interactions for transition metals doped ZnO and develop a physical(More)
Zr-based bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) possess attractive properties for prospective biomedical applications. The present study designs Ni-free Zr-Cu-Al-Nb-Pd BMGs and investigates their in vitro biocompatibility by studying mechanical properties, bio-corrosion resistance, and cellular responses. The Ti-6Al-4V alloy is used as a reference material. It is(More)