Learn More
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Type 1 diabetes mellitus is now classified as autoimmune (type 1A) or idiopathic (type 1B), but little is known about the latter. We classified 56 consecutive Japanese adults with type 1 diabetes according to the presence or absence of glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (their presence is a marker of autoimmunity) and compared(More)
Cellular oxygen consumption is a determinant of intracellular oxygen levels. Because of the high demand of mitochondrial respiration during insulin secretion, pancreatic β-cells consume large amounts of oxygen in a short time period. We examined the effect of insulin secretion on cellular oxygen tension in vitro. We confirmed that Western blotting of(More)
One subtype of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY)-3 results from mutations in the gene encoding hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1 alpha. We generated transgenic mice expressing a naturally occurring dominant-negative form of human HNF-1 alpha (P291fsinsC) in pancreatic beta-cells. A progressive hyperglycemia with age was seen in these transgenic(More)
We have revised a part of the diagnostic criteria for fulminant type 1 diabetes. The new criteria were set both to express the essence of this disease of rapid increase of patients' blood glucose and to be highly sensitive to reduce the misdiagnosis. After analyzing the data of 382 patients with newly-diagnosed fulminant type 1 diabetes, we adopted the(More)
Pancreatic tissues were analyzed immunohistologically in patients with autoimmune and fulminant type 1 diabetes (T1D) and control subjects. Both beta and alpha cells were decreased in fulminant T1D, but only beta cells were significantly decreased in autoimmune T1D. Insulitis was seen in both subtypes of T1D, but it remained longer in autoimmune than in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Arterial stimulation and venous sampling (ASVS) is a catheter-based diagnostic technique used to identify the localization of an insulinoma or gastrinoma. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical significance of ASVS for glucagonomas. METHODOLOGY Eight patients with pancreatic hypervascular tumors and elevated serum glucagon(More)
We examined pancreas biopsy specimens from 18 newly diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) patients to elucidate the mechanism underlying beta cell destruction. Pancreas islets were seen in all patients and insulitis in eight patients. Infiltrating mononuclear cells consisted of CD4+T, CD8+T, B lymphocytes, and macrophages. Among them, CD8+T(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is assumed to be a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease. To investigate the role of Fas-mediated cytotoxicity in pancreatic beta cell destruction, we established nonobese diabetic (NOD)-lymphoproliferation (lpr)/lpr mice lacking Fas. Out of three genotypes, female NOD-+/+ and NOD-+/lpr developed spontaneous diabetes(More)
Betacellulin (BTC), a member of the epidermal growth factor family, is expressed predominantly in the human pancreas and induces the differentiation of a pancreatic acinar cell line (AR42J) into insulin-secreting cells, suggesting that BTC has a physiologically important role in the endocrine pancreas. In this study, we examined the in vivo effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and immunologic characteristics of fulminant type 1 diabetes, a novel subtype of type 1 diabetes, we conducted a nationwide survey. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS History and laboratory data, including islet-related autoantibodies, were examined in 222 patients with fulminant and nonfulminant type 1 diabetes in our(More)