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BACKGROUND AND METHODS Type 1 diabetes mellitus is now classified as autoimmune (type 1A) or idiopathic (type 1B), but little is known about the latter. We classified 56 consecutive Japanese adults with type 1 diabetes according to the presence or absence of glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (their presence is a marker of autoimmunity) and compared(More)
Incretin secretion and effect on insulin secretion are not fully understood in patients with type 2 diabetes. We investigated incretin and insulin secretion after meal intake in obese and non-obese Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes compared to non-diabetic subjects. Nine patients with type 2 diabetes and 5 non-diabetic subjects were recruited for this(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is assumed to be a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease. To investigate the role of Fas-mediated cytotoxicity in pancreatic beta cell destruction, we established nonobese diabetic (NOD)-lymphoproliferation (lpr)/lpr mice lacking Fas. Out of three genotypes, female NOD-+/+ and NOD-+/lpr developed spontaneous diabetes(More)
One subtype of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY)-3 results from mutations in the gene encoding hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1 alpha. We generated transgenic mice expressing a naturally occurring dominant-negative form of human HNF-1 alpha (P291fsinsC) in pancreatic beta-cells. A progressive hyperglycemia with age was seen in these transgenic(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and immunologic characteristics of fulminant type 1 diabetes, a novel subtype of type 1 diabetes, we conducted a nationwide survey. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS History and laboratory data, including islet-related autoantibodies, were examined in 222 patients with fulminant and nonfulminant type 1 diabetes in our(More)
Cellular oxygen consumption is a determinant of intracellular oxygen levels. Because of the high demand of mitochondrial respiration during insulin secretion, pancreatic β-cells consume large amounts of oxygen in a short time period. We examined the effect of insulin secretion on cellular oxygen tension in vitro. We confirmed that Western blotting of(More)
Fulminant type 1 diabetes is a recently discovered subtype of type 1 diabetes. It is defined as diabetes in which the process of beta-cell destruction and the progression of hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis are extremely rapid. The pathogenesis of this disease remains to be clarified, but the involvement of both genetic background-especially human leukocyte(More)
To elucidate the role played by interferon-alpha (IFN alpha) in the pathogenesis of autoimmune endocrine disease, we determined the autoantibody status, thyroid function test results, hemoglobin-A1c levels, and clinical symptoms of 58 patients who received IFN alpha for treatment of chronic active type C hepatitis. Each patient was treated for 6 months with(More)
Pancreatic tissues were analyzed immunohistologically in patients with autoimmune and fulminant type 1 diabetes (T1D) and control subjects. Both beta and alpha cells were decreased in fulminant T1D, but only beta cells were significantly decreased in autoimmune T1D. Insulitis was seen in both subtypes of T1D, but it remained longer in autoimmune than in(More)