Akihiro Yugeta

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OBJECTIVE Repetitive paired-pulse TMS (rPPS) given at an interstimulus interval (ISI) of 1.5 ms has been reported to induce a lasting motor evoked potential (MEP) facilitation. This after-effect was considered to be a cortical event because F-waves were not affected by the same rPPS. To confirm its cortical facilitation, we compared the after-effects of(More)
The cardinal pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) is considered to be the increase in the activities of basal ganglia (BG) output nuclei, which excessively inhibits the thalamus and superior colliculus (SC) and causes preferential impairment of internal over external movements. Here we recorded saccade performance in 66 patients with PD and 87(More)
OBJECTIVES The basal ganglia (BG) play an important role in controlling saccades. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is widely used as a treatment of Parkinson disease (PD) by altering the function of the BG. Nevertheless, the effects of STN DBS on saccade performance are not fully clarified in a systematic manner. In this study,(More)
The aim of the present paper is to study effects of short and long duration transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the human motor cortex. In eight normal volunteers, motor evoked potentials (MEPs) induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) were recorded from the right first dorsal interosseous muscle, and tDCS was given with electrodes(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate where neurologists look when they view brain computed tomography (CT) images and to evaluate how they deploy their visual attention by comparing their gaze distribution with saliency maps. Brain CT images showing cerebrovascular accidents were presented to 12 neurologists and 12 control subjects. The subjects' ocular(More)
OBJECTIVE Repetitive paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) at I-wave periodicity has been shown to induce a motor-evoked potential (MEP) facilitation. We hypothesized that a greater enhancement of motor cortical excitability is provoked by increasing the number of pulses per train beyond those by paired-pulse stimulation (PPS). METHODS We(More)
Magnetic round coil stimulation over the spinal enlargement activates the spinal nerves at the neuro-foramina level. However, activation of the cauda equina in the spinal canal has never been described in the literature. This study, for which 40 healthy subjects were recruited, activated the cauda equina using a round 20-cm-diameter coil designated as a(More)
Postural tremor is a common initial symptom in spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA), but its pathophysiological mechanisms remain to be studied. This study was undertaken to examine the physiological mechanisms underlying postural tremor in SBMA. For eight patients (36-63 years old) with genetically confirmed SBMA, we recorded surface electromyograms(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this paper is to develop a reliable method for supramaximal magnetic spinal motor root stimulation (MRS) for lower limb muscles using a specially devised coil. METHODS For this study, 42 healthy subjects were recruited. A 20-cm diameter coil designated as a Magnetic Augmented Translumbosacral Stimulation (MATS) coil was used. Compound(More)