Akihiro Yamakawa

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The hypocholesterolemic action of eritadenine, a compound found in the mushroom Lentinus edodes, was investigated in relation to its influence on phospholipid metabolism in the liver of rats fed diets containing different amounts of choline chloride (0, 2 and 8 g/kg diet). The time-dependent effect of eritadenine supplementation was also investigated.(More)
The effect of dietary eritadenine on plasma phosphatidylcholine (PC) molecular species composition was investigated in relation to its hypocholesterolemic action in rats fed different types of fats (olive oil, corn oil and linseed oil; 100 g/kg diet). Eritadenine supplementation (50 mg/kg diet) significantly decreased the plasma total cholesterol(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the coronary vasoconstrictive action of endogenous neuropeptide Y (NPY) during sympathetic nerve stimulation and its modulation by the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel in vivo. BACKGROUND Exogenous NPY was characterized by its potent vasoconstrictive effect. However, endogenous NPY has failed(More)
The effect of dietary eritadenine, a hypocholesterolemic compound found in the mushroomLentinus edodes, on the fatty acid and molecular species profiles of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) in the plasma and liver microsomes was investigated in relation to the hypocholesterolemic action of the compound in rats. Animals were fed the(More)
We examined humoral and/or locally produced vasoactive factors involved in modulating sympathetic coronary vasoconstriction via the ATP-sensitive K (KATP) channel in 42 anesthetized dogs. Glibenclamide (30 micrograms.kg-1.min-1 ic or 0.6 mg.kg-1.min-1 left atrial injection) augmented coronary vascular resistance (CVR) at baseline and during cardiac(More)
The effects of dietary protein types and methionine supplementation on phospholipid metabolism were investigated to clarify the mechanism of the hypocholesterolemic action of soybean protein in rats fed a cholesterol-free diet. The effect of switching from a casein diet to a soybean protein diet was also investigated. Rats were fed casein, soybean protein(More)
The dose-dependent effects of dietary eritadenine on the metabolism of linoleic acid and on the plasma cholesterol concentration were investigated to clarify the mechanism of the hypocholesterolemic action of eritadenine in rats. Rats were fed control or eritadenine-supplemented (2 to 20 mg/kg) diets for 14 d. Eritadenine supplementation significantly(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the usefulness of a radiographic system with monochromatic synchrotron radiation to depict small vessels and peripheral secretory ducts. MATERIALS AND METHODS Radiography of various organs was tested in 14 anesthetized dogs and pancreatography was performed in an excised human pancreas by using the following system: monochromatic(More)
The FOK rat was established as an inbred strain with genotypic adaptation to a hot environment. To investigate the mechanism of the heat resistance of FOK rats, heat production by isolated brown adipocytes in FOK and WKAH rats was measured at 37.0 and 39.9 degrees C. Basal heat production by brown adipocytes of FOK rats was not significantly different from(More)
Heat production, oxygen consumption, and lipolysis in isolated interscapular brown adipocytes from the rat were investigated. Epinephrine, norepinephrine, and isoproterenol increased heat production in a concentration-dependent manner, showing, about 6-, 4-, and 5-fold higher effects than controls, respectively. The concentration of isoproterenol for(More)