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OBJECTIVE Early detection and early treatment are of vital importance to the successful treatment of various cancers. The development of a novel screening method that is as economical and non-invasive as the faecal occult blood test (FOBT) for early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC) is needed. A study was undertaken using canine scent detection to(More)
The occurrence of post-operative dural arteriovenous malformation (AVM) has rarely been proved angiographically. The authors report two such cases: in one, a pure dural AVM was located in the region of the cavernous sinus and in another a mixed pial and dural AVM was found in the posterior fossa. The literature about pathogenesis is reviewed.
Perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (PN-SAH) is characterised by accumulation of blood around the midbrain, normal angiographic findings and an excellent prognosis. The etiology of PN-SAH has not yet been determined. Therefore we decided to compare the venograms of patients with PN-SAH with those of patients with aneurysmal SAH (A-SAH)(More)
A 60-year-old woman presented with a dural caroticocavernous fistula (CCF) in whom both by ophthalmic arteries arose from the middle meningeal arteries instead of from the internal carotid arteries. Transarterial embolisation of the CCF was contraindicated because of the risk of blindness. Transvenous coil embolisation was therefore performed. Bilateral(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is claimed to be a distinct disease entity from multiple sclerosis (MS) because of its strong association with NMO-IgG/anti-AQP4 antibody; however, the in vivo role of the antibody remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to clarify whether the presence of anti-AQP4 antibody is associated with any abnormalities in multimodality-evoked(More)
INTRODUCTION Acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by features other than increased pulmonary vascular permeability. Pulmonary vascular permeability combined with increased extravascular lung water content has been considered a quantitative diagnostic criterion of ALI/ARDS. This prospective, multi-institutional,(More)
Capsaicin, a transient receptor potential vanilloid type1 (TRPV1) agonist, has been reported to protect against ischemia-reperfusion injury in various organs, including the brain, heart, and kidney, whereas activation of TRPV1 was also reported to contribute to neurodegeneration, including pressure-induced retinal ganglion cell death in vitro. We(More)
INTRODUCTION The Berlin definition divides acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) into three severity categories. The relationship between these categories and pulmonary microvascular permeability as well as extravascular lung water content, which is the hallmark of lung pathophysiology, remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate(More)
A rare case of ecchordosis physaliphora clearly demonstrated by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is described in a 48-year-old male who presented with right hearing disturbance and reduction in sensation in the right side of his face due to a large cystic schwannoma. MR imaging revealed the large cystic schwannoma as well as an abnormal clival lesion. The(More)
BACKGROUND The features of early-phase acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are leakage of fluid into the extravascular space and impairment of its reabsorption, resulting in extravascular lung water (EVLW) accumulation. The current study aimed to identify how the initial EVLW values and their change were associated with mortality. METHODS This was(More)