Akihiro Uemura

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OBJECT Recent studies have shown that posterior circulation aneurysms, specifically posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysms, are more likely to rupture than other aneurysms. To date, few studies have investigated the factors contributing to PCoA aneurysm rupture. The authors aimed to identify morphological and clinical characteristics predisposing(More)
OBJECT Patients with ruptured anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms have historically been observed to have poor neuropsychological outcomes, and ACoA aneurysms have accounted for a higher proportion of ruptured than unruptured aneurysms. Authors of this study aimed to investigate the morphological and clinical characteristics predisposing to ACoA(More)
The pharmacological actions of JTP-4819, a new prolyl endopeptidase (PEP) inhibitor targeted for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, are reviewed with respect to its effects on PEP activity, brain neurotransmitters, and memory-related behaviour in rats. JTP-4819 was shown to be a very potent and specific inhibitor of PEP. At nanomolar concentration,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Spontaneous intradural vertebral artery dissection (siVAD) primarily causes stroke in young and middle-aged individuals; however, data on the relationship between vertebrobasilar morphology and the progression of siVAD are limited. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the data of 77 adult patients who were diagnosed with unruptured(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to estimate the change in partial pressure of oxygen (Pao(2)) during percutaneous vertebroplasty and also to examine the factors related to the change in Pao(2). MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed preprocedural and postprocedural Pao(2) of 59 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous(More)
OBJECT Basilar dolichoectasia (BD) is an atherosclerotic, a distinct arteriopathy or a chronic-phase dissection characterized by elongation and dilation of the basilar artery. Spontaneous intradural vertebral artery dissection (siVAD) is an important cause of stroke in young and middle-aged people. It is hypothesized that the BD and the siVAD might(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between magnetic resonance (MR) plaque imaging and the pathology of distal embolic debris is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between the pathology of embolic debris in the embolic filter during carotid artery stenting (CAS), MR plaque imaging, and new ischemic lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). METHOD(More)
OBJECTIVES A low ankle-brachial index (ABI) is associated with increased mortality and risk of myocardial infarction and stroke in the general population. Arterial stiffness can be assessed non-invasively by the measurement of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (PWV), a simple and reproducible method. Because the importance of ABI and baPWV in the(More)
Percutaneous injection of bone cement is a promising treatment for metastatic tumors. We present a case of hemorrhagic sacral metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma treated successfully by percutaneous sacroplasty with combined injections of bone cement and n-butyl cyanoacrylate resulting in pain relief.