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As the first step in understanding the molecular oscillation of the circa rhythms in the golden rabbitfish Siganus guttatus--a reef fish with a definite lunar-related rhythmicity--we cloned and sequenced a Period gene (rfPer). The rfPer gene contained an open reading frame that encodes a protein consisting of 1,452 amino acids; this protein is highly(More)
Corals perform simultaneous mass spawning around the full moon. Most Acropora species release gamete bundles, which are a complex of eggs and sperm, into the seawater. Then, gamete bundles are separated into eggs and sperm. Eggs are fertilized when sperm and eggs come in contact with each other. However, it is still unclear how sperm meet the eggs of the(More)
Rabbitfish are a restricted lunar-synchronized spawner that spawns around a species-specific lunar phase. It is not known how the fish perceive changes in cues from the moon. One possible explanation is that rabbitfish utilize changes in moonlight intensity to establish synchrony. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether or not the pineal(More)
Diverse circadian systems related to phylogeny and ecological adaptive strategies are proposed in teleosts. Recently, retinal photoreception was reported to be important for the circadian pacemaking activities of the Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. We aimed to confirm the photic and circadian responsiveness of its close relative-the Mozambique tilapia(More)
Many tropical wrasses show a daily pattern of spawning with gamete release typically near daytime high tide. The environmental cues the fish obtains from day-night and tidal cycles to ensure spawning synchrony and how those cues are transduced, however, are not fully understood. To gain insight into these issues, the involvement of monoamines in mediating(More)
Rabbitfishes are known to spawn synchronously around the species-specific lunar phase. It is considered that they perceive and utilize cues from the moon in order to be synchronized gonadal development and spawning with the lunar cycle. Using the golden rabbitfish, Siganus guttatus, which spawns synchronously around the first quarter moon during the(More)
Demembranated euryhaline tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus sperm were reactivated in the presence of concentrations in excess of 10(-6) M Ca(2+). Motility features changed when Ca(2+) concentrations were increased from 10(-6) to 10(-5) M. Although the beat frequency did not increase, the shear angle and wave amplitude of flagellar beating increased,(More)
Ovarian development of the sapphire devil, Chrysiptera cyanea, exhibits photoperiodism and is stimulated under long-day conditions. Previous studies suggest that red light is more effective than green and blue lights for inducing ovarian development. In addition, the extra-retinal photoreception involved in the ovarian development is suggested in this(More)
Lunar cycle-associated physiology has been found in a wide variety of organisms. Recent study has revealed that mRNA levels of Cryptochrome (Cry), one of the circadian clock genes, were significantly higher on a full moon night than on a new moon night in coral, implying the involvement of a photoreception system in the lunar-synchronized spawning. To(More)
We examined the peripheral olfactory organ in newly metamorphosed coral-dwelling gobies, Paragobiodon xanthosomus (SL=5.8mm+/-0.8mm, N=15), by the aid of electron microscopy (scanning and transmission) and light microscopy. Two bilateral olfactory placodes were present in each fish. They were oval-shaped and located medio-ventrally, one in each of the(More)