Akihiro Takemori

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The opioid antagonist activities of two bivalent ligands, BNI and nor-BNI, have been evaluated in smooth muscle preparations and in mice. Both ligands are highly potent and selective as kappa opioid receptor antagonists, with relatively feeble blocking activity at mu and delta opioid receptors. BNI and nor-BNI represent the first highly selective kappa(More)
Previously, we reported on an opioid antagonist, nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI), that had high selectivity for kappa opioid receptors in smooth muscle preparations. In this study, nor-BNI administered either s.c. or i.c.v. was shown to antagonize significantly the antinociceptive effects of the kappa opioid agonists, ethylketazocine and U-50,488H at doses(More)
In this study naltrindole (NTI) and its benzofuran derivative (NTB) were studied for their antagonist activity against various delta opioid receptor agonists in the tail-flick antinociceptive assay in mice. The antinociceptive ED50 of i.c.v. administered DSLET [(D-Ser2, Leu5, Thr6)enkephalin] was shifted about 4-fold by either s.c. NTB or i.c.v. NTI(More)
The profile of action of beta-funaltrexamine (beta-FNA), the fumaramate methyl ester derivative of naltrexone, on antinociceptive tests in vivo was investigated. Beta-FNA demonstrated antinociceptive actions that were of short duration and that appeared to be mediated by kappa receptor interaction. In contrast, the antagonist actions of beta-FNA were of(More)
The present study has investigated the direct opioid delta receptor-mediated antinociception produced by i.c.v. administration of the highly selective delta agonists, [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE) and [D-Ala2]deltorphin II, as well as that of the less delta-selective [D-Ser2,Leu5,Thr6]enkephalin (DSLET), by using two novel nonequilibrium opioid(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that delta opioid binding sites are involved in the development of morphine tolerance and dependence. In our present work, we studied the effect of the potent and selective delta antagonist, naltrindole (NTI), and its nonequilibrium analog, naltrindole 5'-isothiocyanate (5'-NTII), on the development of morphine tolerance and(More)
Highly selective nonpeptide ligands with potent delta opioid receptor antagonist activity have been developed using the message-address concept. This approach envisaged the delta opioid receptor to contain two major recognition subsites; a message subsite which recognizes the pharmacophore, and an address subsite that is unique for the delta receptor type(More)
The effects of opioid agonists with selectivity for kappa, mu and delta types of opioid receptors on the K+-stimulated release of [3H]dopamine (DA) from striatum and cortex of rat and guinea pig loaded previously with the monoamine have been studied. The kappa agonist U50488H did not affect base-line release of [3H]DA measured in 5 mM K+, but produced a(More)