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Animal legs are much more complex than necessary for running on horizontal surfaces. Past research shows that, despite their complexity, they act essentially like simple pogo sticks or " Spring Loaded Inverted Pendulums " (SLIP). Only recently was it discovered that SLIP possesses some degree of passive stability. In this research, the possibility of the(More)
In this study we compared human discrimination performance for real and virtual curved shapes. To simulate a curved shape we used a device that could independently orient and elevate a moving surface that was in contact with an exploring finger. Thus, the geometry was preserved up to the first order in the virtual shape. In our experiment we found that this(More)
Prior studies have shown that local surface orientation is a dominant source of information for haptic curvature perception in static conditions. We show that this dominance holds for dynamic touch, just as was shown earlier for static touch. Using an apparatus specifically developed for this purpose, we tested this hypothesis by providing observers with(More)
Associative memory operating in a real environment must perform well in online incremental learning and be robust to noisy data because noisy associative patterns are presented sequentially in a real environment. We propose a novel associative memory that satisfies these requirements. Using the proposed method, new associative pairs that are presented(More)
A goal in next-generation endoscopy is to develop functional imaging techniques to open up new opportunities for cancer diagnosis. Although spatial and temporal information on hypoxia is crucial for understanding cancer physiology and expected to be useful for cancer diagnosis, existing techniques using fluorescent indicators have limitations due to low(More)
We assessed vaccine effectiveness (VE) against medically attended, laboratory-confirmed influenza in children 6 months to 15 years of age in 22 hospitals in Japan during the 2013-14 season. Our study was conducted according to a test-negative case-control design based on influenza rapid diagnostic test (IRDT) results. Outpatients who came to our clinics(More)
We describe a new tactile illusion of surface geometry that can be easily produced with simple materials. When the fingertip skin is strained by loading it in traction along a narrow band surrounded by two fixed traction surfaces, the sensation of a raised surface is typically experienced. This and other analogous cases are discussed in terms of tissue(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS The novel method of image-enhanced endoscopy (IEE) named blue laser imaging (BLI) can enhance the contrast of surface vessels using lasers for light illumination. BLI has two IEE modes: high contrast mode (BLI-contrast) for use with magnification, and bright mode (BLI-bright), which achieves a brighter image than BLI-contrast and(More)
— We propose the multi base station (BS) system with site diversity to overcome the effects of shadowing. In the proposed system each BS transmits the same data at the same time. Thus, the symbol rate of the proposed system is almost the same as the bit rate when on-off keying (OOK) is employed, while that of the conventional repetitive transmission system(More)