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OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to determine how frequently the right adrenal vein could be unequivocally identified on MDCT and the spectrum of anatomic variations seen in the right adrenal vein. MATERIALS AND METHODS Contrast-enhanced MDCT was performed in 104 patients with thoracoabdominal vascular disease using an 8-MDCT scanner. Both axial and(More)
Animal legs are much more complex than necessary for running on horizontal surfaces. Past research shows that, despite their complexity, they act essentially like simple pogo sticks, or the "spring loaded inverted pendulum" (SLIP). In this paper, the possibility of the realization of a SLIP model using a spring in the leg and only one actuator at the hip is(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively assess the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) for prediction of malignancy and prognosis of malignant astrocytic tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional review board approved this study and did not require patient informed consent. Findings from 37 consecutive patients (21 men, 16 women; mean age, 43 years) with(More)
PURPOSE To preoperatively evaluate anatomic variations of the bronchial arteries by obtaining three-dimensional (3D) simulations with multidetector computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the institutional review board, and written informed consent was obtained from all participants. Seventy-three consecutive patients(More)
Adenosine has anti-inflammatory activity. Adenosine deaminase (EC 3.5.4.4) metabolizes extracellular adenosine, resulting in an exacerbation of inflammation. Consequently, it was hypothesized that adenosine deaminase inhibitors produce anti-inflammatory activity by increasing extracellular adenosine concentration. This group recently developed a(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Hilar cholangiocarcinoma is the one of the most difficult carcinomas to diagnose because of the localization of the main tumor at the hepatic hilus, and because of the complex anatomy of the biliary, artery, and portal systems. To perform a curative operation, it is important to evaluate the extent of carcinoma and the resectability.(More)
In this study we compared human discrimination performance for real and virtual curved shapes. To simulate a curved shape we used a device that could independently orient and elevate a moving surface that was in contact with an exploring finger. Thus, the geometry was preserved up to the first order in the virtual shape. In our experiment we found that this(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is more difficult and has a higher rate of complications, such as perforation and bleeding, compared with conventional endoscopic resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a new scissors-type electrosurgical knife for ESD, which was developed for improved durability(More)
OBJECTIVE The study objective was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of chemoradiotherapy with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) plus cisplatin in patients with Stage I esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The primary endpoint was proportion of complete response (%CR). METHODS Patients with Stage I (T1N0M0) ESCC, aged 20-75 years, without indication of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the quality of low-dose computed tomography (CT) images in the follow-up of cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS We selected patients with urogenital (n = 7) or esophageal cancer (n = 13) who were attending routine follow-up between April and July 2001. After water and chest phantom studies to decide the scan parameters, postcontrast(More)