Akihiro Oshiba

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The importance of IgE in airway inflammation and development of AHR in allergen-sensitized mice has been compared and contrasted in different models of sensitization and challenge. Using different modes of sensitization in normal and genetically manipulated mice after anti-IgE treatment, we have been able to distinguish the role of IgE under these different(More)
Mast cells synthesize and secrete specific cytokines and chemokines which play an important role in allergic inflammation. Aggregation of the high-affinity Fc receptor (FcepsilonRI) for immunoglobulin E (IgE) in MC/9 mouse mast cells stimulates the synthesis and secretion of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). FcepsilonRI aggregation activates several(More)
B cells play an important role in the allergic response by producing allergen-specific Igs as well as by serving as antigen-presenting cells. We studied the involvement of B cells in the development of responses in a murine model of allergic airway sensitization. Normal and B cell-deficient (muMt-/-) B10.BR mice were sensitized via the airways to ovalbumin;(More)
Eosinophils play a central role in the inflammatory response associated with bronchial asthma. We studied the involvement of eosinophils in the development of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in a mouse model of allergic airway sensitization. Sensitization of BALB/c mice to OVA via the airways induced allergen-specific T-cell responses, IgE production,(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a well-known neurotrophic factor acting on both the peripheral and the central nervous systems. In addition, it has been shown to play a role in the function of the immune system through specific receptors. Both high-affinity and low-affinity NGF receptors (NGFR) are expressed on human B lymphocytes. The low-affinity NGFR has(More)
The role of allergen-specific sIgE+ B cells in the development of airway hyperresponsiveness to electrical field stimulation was examined in a murine model of allergic sensitization. Ovalbumin (OVA)-specific B cells (OVA+) were isolated from mice that were sensitized to aerosolized OVA. The OVA+ B cell population was shown to be distinct from the remaining,(More)
To study the role of CD8+ T cells in allergic sensitization, we examined the effects of in vivo depletion of CD8+ T cells prior to sensitization on IgE production, immediate type cutaneous hypersensitivity and development of altered airway responsiveness. BALB/c mice were thymectomized and treated with anti-CD8 antibody resulting in depletion of CD8+ T(More)
In a proportion of atopic asthmatics, exposure to a relevant antigen is followed by chronic inflammation in the airways leading to altered airway responsiveness (AR). However, the mechanisms underlying the development of airway hyperresponsiveness still remain unclear. To elucidate the relationship between IgE-mediated reactions and airway(More)
The mechanisms underlying the development of airway hyperresponsiveness are not fully delineated. We addressed this question by studying the effects of passive sensitization with anti-OVA IgE on the development of altered airway responsiveness (AR) following local challenge with OVA in normal and athymic mice. Both normal and athymic BALB/c mice developed(More)
Norovirus (NV) is an important human pathogen that causes epidemic acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Because of the lack of a cell culture system or an animal model for this virus, studies of drinking water treatment such as separation and disinfection processes are still hampered. We successfully estimated NV removal performance during a(More)