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BACKGROUND Endoscopic mucosal resection has been increasingly used to treat gastric tumors. Bleeding is the major complication of endoscopic mucosal resection. This study evaluated risk factors for bleeding associated with endoscopic mucosal resection. METHODS Four hundred seventy-seven patients who underwent endoscopic mucosal resection of gastric tumors(More)
DNA damage induced by either light exposure or oxidative stress likely contributes to the compromised development in vitro of cultured preimplantation embryos. Using the comet assay, which entails microgel electrophoresis that can readily detect single-strand breaks in DNA, a significant increase in DNA damage was detected in individual one-cell hamster(More)
BACKGROUND Colonoscopic polypectomy of large polyps may be associated with complications such as bleeding. Use of a detachable snare may reduce the risk of bleeding. We describe several instances in which the use of such a device proved to be ineffective. METHODS A detachable snare was used for colonoscopic polypectomy of large polyps in 18 patients (20(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of beta-mercaptoethanol (beta-ME) and cysteamine, low-molecular-weight thiol compounds, on the development and intracellular glutathione content of bovine embryos obtained by in vitro fertilization of in vitro-matured oocytes. Embryos developed to the 6-8-cell stage after in vitro fertilization(More)
The correlation of oxidative stress on development and DNA damage in bovine embryos was investigated by the comet assay (single-cell microgel electrophoresis), an effective technique for detecting single-strand DNA breakage. After in vitro maturation and fertilization, one-cell stage embryos without cumulus cells were cultured for 8 days in SOF medium(More)
A 69-year old man came to our hospital complaining of abdominal pain. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed a 65-mm ruptured mass in Couinaud segment 5 of the liver. The mass was treated with emergent transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE), followed by partial hepatectomy. Microscopically, the mass was determined to be an angiosarcoma. Six(More)
We investigated the effect of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on murine megakaryocytopoiesis in a serum-free culture system. The addition of IL-6 to a culture containing interleukin-3 (IL-3) resulted in a significant increase in the number of megakaryocyte colonies by bone marrow cells of normal mice. The megakaryocytic progenitors that survive exposure to(More)
We administered recombinant human interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), the common mediator of inflammation process, to C57B1/6 male mice (0.5 microgram, every 12 hours over five times) intraperitoneally and consequently induced a remarkable thrombocytosis. Day 1 was designated as the following day of the last injection in the morning. A significant(More)
The effects of beta-mercaptoethanol (beta-ME) on in vitro development under oxidative stress and cystine uptake of bovine embryos were investigated. Bovine 1-cell embryos obtained by in vitro fertilization were cultured in TCM-199 or synthetic oviductal fluid (SOF) in 20% O(2) supplemented with beta-ME. Addition of beta-ME significantly (P < 0.01) promoted(More)
BSF-2 (B cell stimulatory factor-2/IL-6) is a member of the lymphokine family and responsible for B cell differentiation. Expression plasmids of human BSF-2 cDNA were constructed using a trp promotor/operator and a trpA terminator. In an extract of Escherichia coli HB101 holding "direct" expression plasmid pBSF-2D, activity of BSF-2 was detected, but(More)