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We administered recombinant human interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), the common mediator of inflammation process, to C57B1/6 male mice (0.5 microgram, every 12 hours over five times) intraperitoneally and consequently induced a remarkable thrombocytosis. Day 1 was designated as the following day of the last injection in the morning. A significant(More)
DNA damage induced by either light exposure or oxidative stress likely contributes to the compromised development in vitro of cultured preimplantation embryos. Using the comet assay, which entails microgel electrophoresis that can readily detect single-strand breaks in DNA, a significant increase in DNA damage was detected in individual one-cell hamster(More)
We assessed the biologic role of signaling through gp130, a signal-transducing receptor (R) component, in human hematopoiesis in vitro. Although peripheral blood-derived CD34(+) cells ubiquitously expressed gp130 and interleukin-3 receptor alpha (IL-3Ralpha), IL-6Ralpha was only detected on 80% of these CD34(+) cells. We sorted CD34(+)IL-6R+ or(More)
In cynomolgus monkeys, twice daily subcutaneous injections of recombinant human interleukin-6 (rhIL-6) at doses of 5 to 80 micrograms/kg/d for 14 consecutive days caused dose-dependent increases in platelet count, usually continuing for more than 1 week after cessation of the injections. The count reached a level approximately twofold or more above the(More)
We investigated the effects of B cell stimulatory factor 2/interleukin 6 (BSF-2/IL-6) on the development of murine hemopoietic progenitors using serum-containing culture and serum-free culture. In serum-containing culture, BSF-2 mainly supported multipotential blast cell colonies from spleen cells of normal and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-treated mice. In(More)
Effects of interleukin 6 (IL-6) on the functional capacity of the immune and hematopoietic systems in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-treated mice were determined. IL-6 (5 x 10(4) units/mouse/day) was administered s.c. for 7 days by implantation of an osmotic pump, since it was demonstrated that a much higher increase in the primary response to sheep RBC was observed(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of beta-mercaptoethanol (beta-ME) and cysteamine, low-molecular-weight thiol compounds, on the development and intracellular glutathione content of bovine embryos obtained by in vitro fertilization of in vitro-matured oocytes. Embryos developed to the 6-8-cell stage after in vitro fertilization(More)
The correlation of oxidative stress on development and DNA damage in bovine embryos was investigated by the comet assay (single-cell microgel electrophoresis), an effective technique for detecting single-strand DNA breakage. After in vitro maturation and fertilization, one-cell stage embryos without cumulus cells were cultured for 8 days in SOF medium(More)
OBJECTIVE A novel 2-amino acid insertion between codons 69 and 70 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) which confers multiple drug resistance has recently been reported. Independently, we have identified similar insertion mutations in Japanese hemophiliacs and attempted to analyze their emergence in conjunction with(More)