Akihiro Ohyama

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Dissection of the extraperigastric lymph nodes is necessary in most submucosal gastric cancers. Laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy with extraperigastric lymph node dissection via minilaparotomy has been performed, but, to our knowledge, completely laparoscopic extraperigastric lymph node dissection has never been reported. We successfully performed(More)
Myosin-Va is an actin-based processive motor that conveys intracellular cargoes. Synaptic vesicles are one of the most important cargoes for myosin-Va, but the role of mammalian myosin-Va in secretion is less clear than for its yeast homologue, Myo2p. In the current studies, we show that myosin-Va on synaptic vesicles interacts with syntaxin-1A, a t-SNARE(More)
Syntaxin 1A/HPC-1 is a key component of the exocytotic molecular machinery, namely, the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein (SNAP) receptor mechanism. Although >10 syntaxin-binding proteins have been identified, they cannot completely explain the regulation of exocytosis. Thus, novel proteins may interact with syntaxin. Because(More)
5-Fluorocytosine (5-FC) lacks antineoplastic activity in human subjects because of the absence of cytosine deaminase (CDase) in mammalian cells. Intratumoral conversion of 5-FC into 5-fluorouracil (5-FUra) by locally implanted capsules containing CDase followed by systemic administration of 5-FC can be expected to induce antineoplastic activity at a local(More)
The rpoD1 gene in the unicellular cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa K-81 encodes a principal sigma factor of RNA polymerase and is transcribed under light and dark conditions to produce multiple monocistronic transcripts. In the 5'-upstream region from rpoD1 Promoter 2, which has a sequence of Escherichia coli type, we found a sequence-directed DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Myocilin is a gene that causes primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). We report a family whose members had an Ala 363 Thr mutation in the myocilin gene. We present the clinical phenotype of this family. CASE The proband was a 57-year-old man diagnosed with POAG. His younger sister (50 years old) was also diagnosed with POAG. Visual field(More)
Primary alveolar type of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) tumor tissue was collected from the tongue of a 17-year-old Japanese woman and used to successfully establish a rhabdomyosarcoma cell line, which has been designated NUTOS. The chromosomal distribution revealed that the NUTOS cell line was hyper-tetraploid with chromosomal translocation. The cells were grown(More)
Novel cell lines, designated NM78-AM and NM78-MM, have been established from a malignant melanoma of the cheek oral mucosa. NM78-AM cells were spherical, grew in suspension as clusters, and produced no melanin. In contrast, NM78-MM cells were adherent and produced melanin granules. Initially, NM78-AM cells were grown on fibroblast feeder cells or in growth(More)
The major envelope protein (E) of West Nile virus mediates fusion between the membranes of the viral envelope and the target cell at optimum pH values of just below neutrality. The fusion is critical for the entry mechanism, allowing virus to escape from the acidic endosomal compartment. To define the role of the viral E protein in the fusion reaction, the(More)