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Covalent conjugation of the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) proteins to target proteins regulates many important eukaryotic cellular mechanisms. Although the molecular consequences of the conjugation of SUMO proteins are relatively well understood, little is known about the cellular signals that regulate the modification of their substrates. Here, we(More)
We examined the severity of experimental colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) using immunologically manipulated mice. C57BL/6 mice showed more severe colitis than BALB/c mice, but mice of both strains recovered fully from the disease after the removal of DSS from their drinking water. The infiltrated cells at the lesions were mainly granulocytes(More)
Soybean soluble polysaccharides (SSPS) extracted from soybean cotyledons are acidic polysaccharides and have a pectin-like structure. The results of a structural analysis of SSPS by using polygalacturonase (PGase) and rhamnogalacturonase (RGase) clarified that the main backbone consisted of galacturonan (GN) and rhamnogalacturonan (RG), which were composed(More)
We propose a novel display-based game environment using augmented reality technology with small robots. In this environment, the small robots can be augmented by a display image according to their positions and postures. The augmentation activity reinforces the fun of playing with such small robots in the real world.
 It is known that acute physical exercise may have diverse pathophysiological consequences in various organs due to free radical formation. We have investigated whether a period of anaerobic running to exhaustion in rats results in oxidative modification of proteins in the lungs. Six rats of an exercised group (E) ran for two periods of 5 min at a speed of(More)
Catecholamines and alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors (alpha(1)-ARs) cause cardiac hypertrophy in cultured myocytes and transgenic mice, but heart size is normal in single KOs of the main alpha(1)-AR subtypes, alpha(1A/C) and alpha(1B). Here we tested whether alpha(1)-ARs are required for developmental cardiac hypertrophy by generating alpha(1A/C) and alpha(1B)(More)
The central body temperature (T(b)) regulation system during hibernation was investigated in Syrian hamsters of either sex. Hibernation induced in Syrian hamsters by housing them in a cold room under short day-light/dark cycle was confirmed by marked reductions in the heart rate, T(b) and respiratory rate. The hibernation of hamsters was classified into (i)(More)
Membrane fusion is an essential step in the encounter of two nuclei from sex cells-sperm and egg-in fertilization. However, aside from the involvement of two molecules, CD9 and Izumo, the mechanism of fusion remains unclear. Here, we show that sperm-egg fusion is mediated by vesicles containing CD9 that are released from the egg and interact with sperm. We(More)
We developed novel methods for phosphopeptide enrichment using aliphatic hydroxy acid-modified metal oxide chromatography (MOC). Titania and zirconia were successfully applied to enrich phosphopeptides with the aid of aliphatic hydroxy acids, such as lactic acid and beta-hydroxypropanoic acid, to reduce the interaction between acidic non-phosphopeptides and(More)
Identification of the molecular targets for post-translational modifications is an important step for explaining the regulated pathways. The ubiquitin-like molecule NEDD8 is implicated in the regulation of cell proliferation, viability and development. By combining proteomics and in vivo NEDDylation assays, we identified a subset of ribosomal proteins as(More)