Akihiro Nakajo

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Although serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 are commonly measured before surgery for gastric carcinoma, this clinical significance is not fully understood. We evaluated a total of 549 patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy. Levels of CEA and CA19-9 were measured preoperatively in all patients. We(More)
Circulating tumor cells in the blood were frequently detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction during operation in patients with biliary-pancreatic cancer. We investigated the relationship between circulating tumor cells during operation and hematogenous metastases. Blood samples from 67 patients with biliary-pancreatic cancer were(More)
This Phase II study assessed the activity and safety of biweekly paclitaxel and oral S-1 as treatment for unresectable and recurrent gastric cancer. The maximum tolerated dose for this regimen had been established previously in a Phase I study performed in Japanese patients. Chemotherapy was performed using two anticancer agents, S-1 and paclitaxel. Oral(More)
We have evaluated the safety and feasibility of combining median-to-lateral and anterior-to-median (MLAM) approaches to perform laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (CME) with radical lymph node dissection along the gastrocolic trunk of Henle (GTH) for right hemicolon cancer. We retrospectively analyzed data obtained from a prospectively maintained(More)
BACKGROUND Natural killer (NK) cells are a group of effector cells that act nonspecifically against tumor cells. The correlation between intratumoral NK cell infiltration and clinicopathologic features remains unclear. METHODS The authors selected 146 patients with gastric carcinoma who underwent gastrectomy at Kagoshima University Hospital between(More)
Background:The clinicopathologic significance of micrometastasis (MM) and tumor cell microinvolvement (TCM) in regional lymph nodes as identified by immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratin expression was evaluated in patients with node-negative gastric cancer. Methods:MM was defined as tumor cells with stromal reaction, and TCM was defined as(More)
Endoscopic thyroidectomy is a well-established surgical technique. We have been utilizing precordial video-assisted neck surgery (VANS) with a gasless anterior neck skin lifting method. Recently, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has generated excitement among surgeons as potentially scar-free surgery. We developed an innovative(More)
BACKGROUND The purposes of this study were to examine lymph node micrometastasis (LMM) by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method, and clarify the initial nodes involved by metastatic disease according to tumor location. METHODS We examined 312 lymph nodes obtained from 50 patients with node-negative gastric carcinoma. RT-PCR and(More)
BACKGROUND In gastric cancer, disseminated cancer cells (DCC) can be detected in peripheral blood using bio-molecular techniques. It is known that patients having DCC exhibit a high occurrence of postoperative relapse in gastrointestinal cancer. However, more than half of gastric cancer patients having positive DCC do not show cancer relapse. Sialylated(More)
BACKGROUND The authors hypothesized that circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in patients with gastric cancer are associated with prognosis and disease recurrence. In this study, they evaluated CTCs in gastric cancer and clarified the clinical impact of CTCs. METHODS In total, 265 consecutive patients with gastric cancer were enrolled. Fourteen patients were(More)