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The recent prevalence of ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy has resulted in a marked increase in the number of patients with papillary microcarcinoma (maximum diameter, </= 10 mm) of the thyroid detected by this sophisticated tool. On the other hand, it is debatable whether patients with papillary microcarcinoma should always undergo surgery(More)
In 2002, the UICC/AJCC TNM classification for papillary thyroid carcinoma was revised. In this study, we examined the validity of this classification system by investigating the predictors of disease-free survival (DFS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) in patients. We examined various clinicopathological features, including the component of the TNM(More)
BACKGROUND We showed previously that subclinical low-risk papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) could be observed without immediate surgery. Patient age is an important prognostic factor of clinical papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In this study, we investigated how patient age influences the observation of low-risk PTMC. METHODS Between 1993 and(More)
Although fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a useful tool for diagnosing thyroid carcinoma, there are some risks of complications. In this study, we investigated tumor implantation by FNAB of papillary carcinoma. We compared the characteristics of the main tumors and implanted tumors of patients showing FNAB implantations. Between 1990 and 2002, 4912(More)
The cribriform-morular variant (CMV) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a rare histologic subtype of PTC that shows a combination of growth patterns including cribriform and spindle cell areas. The thyroid cancer with this unique histology was originally reported in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), although it was later found in(More)
Intrathyroidal epithelial thymoma (ITET)/carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE) is a rare malignant tumor having histopathologic features similar to those of squamous cell carcinoma of the thyroid and other organs and a more favorable prognosis. It is thought to originate from ectopic thymic tissue or embryonic thymic rest in or adjacent to(More)
Hypothyroidism can be a complication after a hemithyroidectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of hypothyroidism after a hemithyroidectomy. We also recommend a risk-scoring system that can predict post-hemithyroidectomy hypothyroidism before surgery. Among 260 patients who underwent hemithyroidectomy from January to(More)
Extrathyroid extension has been recognized as a prognostic factor in papillary thyroid carcinoma. In the most recent version of the UICC TNM classification system, extrathyroid extension has been classified into two grades, minimal extension (extension to sternothyroid muscle or perithyroid soft tissues) and massive extension (extension to subcutaneous soft(More)
The recent development and spread of ultrasonography and ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) has facilitated the detection of small papillary microcarcinomas of the thyroid measuring 1 cm or less (PMC). The marked difference in prevalence between clinical thyroid carcinoma and PMC detected on mass screening prompted us to observe PMC(More)
The recent prevalence of ultrasonography has made it easier to detect lymph node metastasis in the lateral compartment of patients with thyroid carcinoma. In this study, we investigated the prognostic impact of lateral node metastasis preoperatively detectable by ultrasonography (US) and metastasis diagnosed by pathology examination but not detected on(More)