Learn More
BACKGROUND We showed previously that subclinical low-risk papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) could be observed without immediate surgery. Patient age is an important prognostic factor of clinical papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In this study, we investigated how patient age influences the observation of low-risk PTMC. METHODS Between 1993 and(More)
The cribriform-morular variant (CMV) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a rare histologic subtype of PTC that shows a combination of growth patterns including cribriform and spindle cell areas. The thyroid cancer with this unique histology was originally reported in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), although it was later found in(More)
The recent prevalence of ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy has resulted in a marked increase in the number of patients with papillary microcarcinoma (maximum diameter, </= 10 mm) of the thyroid detected by this sophisticated tool. On the other hand, it is debatable whether patients with papillary microcarcinoma should always undergo surgery(More)
OBJECTIVES Extrathyroid extension has been recognized as a prognostic factor in papillary thyroid carcinoma. In the most recent version of the UICC TNM classification system, extrathyroid extension has been classified into two grades, minimal extension (extension to sternothyroid muscle or perithyroid soft tissues) and massive extension (extension to(More)
We previously demonstrated that for papillary microcarcinoma (PMC), (1) patients with lateral lymph node metastasis detected on preoperative ultrasonography (US) are more likely to develop recurrence, and (2) dissection of the lateral compartment does not improve the prognosis of patients without US-detectable lateral metastasis. In this study, we focused(More)
BACKGROUND The BRAF(V600E) mutation has been adopted as a prognostic factor in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, it remains unclear whether routine BRAF mutation analysis is useful in establishing a prognosis for PTC patients. In the present study we investigated BRAF mutation analysis in a large number of PTC patients with long-term follow-up. (More)
In this study, we investigated the difference in lymph node-recurrence free survival (LN-RFS), distant recurrence-free survival (DRFS), and cause-specific survival (CSS) between patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in the entire group (Group I) and those with lymph node- and distant-recurrence-free survival (DFS) for 5 years after initial surgery(More)
AIMS Previous studies have demonstrated that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a role in carcinogenesis and carcinoma development. In this study, we investigated its expression in thyroid neoplasms in order to elucidate its role. METHODS AND RESULTS COX-2 expression was studied immunohistochemically in 20 anaplastic (undifferentiated) carcinomas, 49(More)
In papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), macroscopic extrathyroid extension (Ex) and clinical node metastasis (N) are prominent prognostic factors. Ex is divided into two grades in the UICC TNM classification: minimal and massive Ex. Massive Ex significantly affects patients' prognoses, whereas minimal Ex has little prognostic value. N is also divided into two(More)
BACKGROUND The external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) is susceptible to injuries during thyroidectomy, causing voice impairment. Intraoperative nerve monitoring may facilitate identification of the nerve, reducing voice impairment. METHODS A total of 252 patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to group N (the NIM-Response(More)