Akihiro Kawano

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The polyubiquitin gene is an evolutionarily conserved eukaryotic gene, encoding tandemly repeated multiple ubiquitins, and is considered to be subject to concerted evolution. Here, we present the nucleotide sequences of new alleles of the polyubiquitin gene UbC in humans and CHUB2 in Chinese hamster, which encode a different number of ubiquitin units from(More)
PURPOSE The high relative biologic effectiveness (RBE) of high-linear energy transfer (LET) heavy-ion radiation has enabled powerful radiotherapy. The potential risk of later onset of secondary cancers, however, has not been adequately studied. We undertook the present study to clarify the RBE of therapeutic carbon ion radiation and molecular changes that(More)
Washout of 10C and 11C implanted by radioactive beams in brain and thigh muscle of rabbits was studied. The biological washout effect in a living body is important in the range verification system or three-dimensional volume imaging in heavy ion therapy. Positron emitter beams were implanted in the rabbit and the annihilation gamma-rays were measured by an(More)
The late effects of heavy-ion irradiation on the spinal cord of the rat were investigated histologically and morphometrically. After a single exposure of each animal's lower thoracic and lumbar spinal cord to a carbon-ion beam, the animals were observed clinically for up to 69 weeks and their spinal cords were examined histologically after sacrifice.(More)
AIM The pathogenesis of delayed encephalopathy induced by heavy-ion irradiation was investigated experimentally in cats. The left cerebral hemispheres were irradiated with 15-40 Gy of heavy ions (carbon), and histologically and morphometrically examined 12 months later. RESULTS In the irradiated cerebral white matter the following occurred as the dose(More)
Germline mutation induction has been detected in mice but not in humans. To estimate the genetic risk of germline mutation induction in humans, new techniques for extrapolating from animal data to humans or directly detecting radiation-induced mutations in man are expected to be developed. We have developed a new method to detect germline mutations by(More)
Because of the recent progress of inter-university communication system on the internet or communication satellite system, lecture archiving system is becoming popular. Since the number of lectures is not small to record them manually by deploying technical staffs for each lecture, lectures are often recorded with a fixed video camera, which is always(More)
The 16S rRNA gene of the SMR strain of cilia-associated respiratory (CAR) bacillus, which was isolated from a spontaneously infected rat at our institute, was sequenced. Its 1,521 nucleotides were determined. On the basis of the results of the sequence analysis, the SMR strain was found to be most closely related to members of the Flavobacter/Flexibacter(More)
Soft feces and a decreased delivery rate were observed in a specific-pathogen-free (SPF) C3H-scid mouse breeding colony. Grossly, the ceca were shrunken and edematous in the affected mice. Histopathologically, severe edema in the cecal submucosa as well as infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lamina propria and submucosa of the ceca and colon were(More)
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