Akihiro Karube

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To investigate the possible role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors in the human corpus luteum (CL), expression of VEGF and its receptors, the fms-like tyrosine kinase and the kinase insert domain-containing region (KDR), was analyzed in the CL during the menstrual cycle and in early pregnancy. Immunohistochemistry revealed that(More)
To investigate the relationship between apoptosis and the Bcl-2/ Bax system in the human corpus luteum (CL), the frequency of apoptosis and expression of Bcl-2 and Bax were examined in the CL during the menstrual cycle and in early pregnancy. In situ analysis of DNA fragmentation showed that the number of apoptotic cells was much greater in the regressing(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 infection among in vitro fertilization (IVF) couples and to identify clinical conditions related to HPV infection. STUDY DESIGN The presence of HPV type 16 DNA in the uterine cervix of 192 women who underwent IVF and in 99 semen samples collected from their husbands were(More)
To investigate the possible role of the superoxide radical and its scavenging system in the human corpus luteum, superoxide dismutase (SOD) values and lipid peroxide concentrations were analysed in the corpora lutea during the menstrual cycle and in early pregnancy. Copper-zinc SOD (Cu,Zn-SOD) activities increased from the early to mid-luteal phase, and(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate the role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in luteal angiogenesis and the regulation of VEGF in the corpus luteum (CL) during mid-pregnancy in rats. Protein concentrations and mRNA levels of VEGF in the CL significantly increased from Day 9 to Day 12 and remained at the same level as Day 12 until(More)
To study the possible role of the superoxide radical and its scavenging system in the decidua of early pregnancy, superoxide dismutase (SOD) values and concentrations of lipid peroxide and prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) were analysed in the decidua obtained from normal pregnancy and failed pregnancy. Failed pregnancy was divided into two groups;(More)
The aim of the present study was to explore the mechanisms by which nitric oxide (NO) may inhibit aromatase activity of human granulosa cells. Ovarian granulosa-luteal cells, obtained from patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF) were cultured in the presence of NO-related substances. After 24 h of culture, aromatase activity of the cells was(More)
Serum melatonin concentrations were studied in normal pregnant women and in women with several types of pathologic pregnancies, e.g., twins, preeclampsia or intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Blood samples were collected from the maternal antecubital vein at 14:00 hr (daytime) and 02:00 hr (nighttime) during pregnancy, and also from the umbilical vein(More)
Calphobindin I (CPB I) is a member of the family of Ca(2+)-dependent phospholipid binding proteins collectively termed as annexins. CPB I (Annexin V) has recently been shown to be an endogenous inhibitor of protein kinase C, a key enzyme in the cellular signal transduction and its inhibition by CPB I is presumed to be related ultimately to carcinogenesis.(More)