Akihiro Kaneko

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Bipolar, amacrine, and ganglion cells of carp retina, stained intracellularly with Procion yellow, can be divided into types a and b, according to the destination of terminals and dendritic trees in the inner plexiform layer (sublamina a and b, respectively). Type a cells showed hyperpolarizing, or off, responses and type b cells depolarizing, or on,(More)
L-Glutamate is a leading candidate for the vertebrate photoreceptor transmitter. In addition to the signal transmission to second-order neurons, photoreceptors communicate with each other not only electrically but also chemically. In the present study, by using solitary turtle photoreceptors, we examined the possibility that L-glutamate mediates(More)
Membrane properties of solitary bipolar cells, mechanically dissociated from the enzyme-treated goldfish retina, were studied under current- and voltage-clamp conditions with 'giga-seal' suction pipettes (pipette solution 138 mM-K). The resting potential of solitary bipolar cells was about -30 mV. They responded to depolarizing current pulses with sustained(More)
1. Isolated bipolar cells were obtained by enzymic (papain) dissociation of the adult mouse retina. The membrane voltage was clamped and the membrane currents were measured by the whole-cell version of the patch-clamp technique. Isolated bipolar cells and horizontal cells of the goldfish retina were also studied for comparison. 2. Hyperpolarization from the(More)
We have reviewed 37 patients with primary orbital lymphoma, using the Ann Arbor criteria and the Working Formulation and its modification. Thirty-one patients had stage I disease, four stage II, one stage III and one stage IV. The male to female ratio was 2.7:1. There were 34 low-grade tumours (including 24 mantle zone) and three intermediate-grade.(More)
Lymphoid infiltrates in the ocular adnexa are mostly low-grade B-cell lymphoma, but their clinicopathologic characteristics and prognostic factors have not been extensively analyzed according to the Revised European-American Lymphoma (REAL) Classification. We reviewed histopathologic sections from 77 patients with primary ocular adnexal lymphoid(More)
In a search for key molecules that prevent murine M1 leukemia cells from undergoing interleukin (IL)-6-induced differentiation into macrophages, we isolated an antisense complementary DNA (cDNA) that encodes full-length mouse MgcRac-GTPase-activating protein (GAP) through functional cloning. Forced expression of this antisense cDNA profoundly inhibited(More)
Mechanisms underlying action potential generation in the newt olfactory receptor cell were investigated by using the whole-cell version of the patch-clamp technique. Isolated olfactory cells had a resting membrane potential of -70 +/- 9 mV. Injection of a depolarizing current step triggered action potentials under current clamp condition. The amplitude of(More)
Subtypes of bipolar cells were identified by protein kinase C (PKC)-like immunoreactivity in the goldfish retina. The PKC-like immunoreactivity was visualized by either the avidin/biotin peroxidase method or immunofluorescence method. In frozen cross sections and in wholemounts, the monoclonal antibody against alpha species of PKC reacted with ON-type(More)
Isolated cones dissociated from the retina of the freshwater turtle were voltage clamped using a single 'patch' pipette electrode. gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) applied ionophoretically to the axon terminal evoked an inward current in cells held at -66 mV when they were recorded with patch pipettes filled with the 'control' pipette solution containing 120(More)