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The Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant strains blocked in the protein secretion pathway are not able to induce sexual aggregation. We have utilized the defect of aggregation to concentrate the secretion-deficient cells and identified a new gene which functions in the process of intracellular protein transport. The new mutant, uso1, is temperature sensitive for(More)
We recently isolated the AtBI-1 (Arabidopsis Bax Inhibitor-1) gene, the expression of which suppressed Bax-induced cell death in yeast. To determine whether the same is true in the plant system, transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing Bax protein under a dexamethasone (DEX)-inducible promoter were generated. On DEX treatment, such transgenic plants(More)
The VAM2/VPS41 and VAM6/VPS39 were shown to encode hydrophilic proteins of 113 and 123 kDa, respectively. Deletion of the VAM2 and VAM6 functions resulted in accumulation of numerous vacuole-related structures of 200-400 nm in diameter that were much smaller than the normal vacuoles. Loss of functions of Vam2p and Vam6p resulted in inefficient processings(More)
Formation of the forespore membrane, which becomes the plasma membrane of spores, is an intriguing step in the sporulation of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Here we report two novel proteins that localize to the forespore membrane. spo3(+) encodes a potential membrane protein, which was expressed only during sporulation. Green fluorescent(More)
The Schizosaccharomyces pombe spo20-KC104 mutation was originally isolated in a screen for sporulation-deficient mutants, and the spo20-KC104 mutant exhibits temperature-sensitive growth. Herein, we report that S. pombe, spo20(+) is essential for fission yeast cell viability and is constitutively expressed throughout the life cycle. We also demonstrate that(More)
As an approach to understand the molecular mechanisms of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein sorting, we have isolated yeast rer mutants that mislocalize a Sec12-Mfalpha1p fusion protein from the ER to later compartments of the secretory pathway (S. Nishikawa and A. Nakano, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90:8179-8183, 1993). The temperature-sensitive rer2 mutant(More)
Syntaxins are thought to participate in the specific interactions between vesicles and acceptor membranes in intracellular protein trafficking. VAM3 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a 33 kDa protein (Vam3p) with a hydrophobic transmembrane segment at its C terminus. Vam3p has structural similarities to syntaxins of yeast, animal and plant cells. delta(More)
Immunofluorescence staining of yeast cells with anti-binding protein (BiP) antibodies shows uniform staining of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We have found that overproduction of Sec12p, an ER membrane protein, causes a change of BiP distribution within the cell. Upon induction of Sec12p by the GAL1 promoter, the staining pattern of BiP turns into bright(More)
Small GTP-binding proteins belonging to the rab/YPT family play key roles at various steps in intracellular transport pathways in yeast and mammalian cells. Many members of rab/YPT family have been isolated from plants to date. However, detailed information about the localization and function of the gene products remains limited, even though intracellular(More)
Neuropsin is a serine protease which is thought to function in a variety of tissues including the brain and skin. This protease has been shown to have important roles in neural plasticity in mice. Here we have cloned a cDNA and analyzed the gene for human neuropsin by polymerase chain reaction-based strategies. The cDNA had 72% identity to mouse neuropsin.(More)