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Research on guided bone regeneration (GBR) is still ongoing, with evidence mainly from preclinical studies. Various current barrier membranes should fulfill the main design criteria for GBR, such as biocompatibility, occlusivity, spaciousness, clinical manageability and the appropriate integration with the surrounding tissue. These GBR characteristics are(More)
In the present study, we investigated the hydrothermal treatment of titanium with divalent cation solutions and its effect in promoting the adhesion of gingival epithelial cells and fibroblasts in vitro. Gingival keratinocyte-like Sa3 cells or fibroblastic NIH3T3 cells were cultured for 1 h on experimental titanium plates hydrothermally-treated with CaCl(2)(More)
Connective tissue, one of the main components of peri-implant soft tissue, is key to the formation of the peri-implant mucosal seal and helping to prevent epithelial ingrowth. Rough surfaces (Rs), machined surfaces (Ms) or microgrooved surface (MG) are used in the neck area of commercially available titanium implants. In this paper, we aimed to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND The surface roughness of a dental implant affects the epithelial wound healing process and may significantly enhance implant prognosis. PURPOSE We explored the influence of surface roughness on peri-implant epithelium (PIE) sealing and down-growth by comparing machine-surfaced (Ms) and rough-surfaced (Rs) implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS (1)(More)
Improvement of oral epithelial adhesion to titanium (Ti) may significantly enhance the efficacy of dental implants. Here, we investigated whether insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) improved the sealing of the peri-implant epithelium (PIE) around the implant. Right maxillary first molars were extracted from rats and replaced with experimental implants.(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate bacterial adhesion to various abutment materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty volunteers participated in this study. Resin splints were fabricated, and five types of disks were fabricated from pure titanium, gold-platinum alloy, zirconia, alumina, and hydroxyapatite with uniform surface roughness and attached to the buccal(More)
Regeneration of peripheral nerve injury remains a major clinical challenge. Recently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been considered as potential candidates for peripheral nerve regeneration; however, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we show that human gingiva-derived MSCs (GMSCs) could be directly induced into multipotent NPCs (iNPCs)(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to evaluate the optimal thickness and porosity of novel titanium mesh membranes to enhance bone augmentation, prevent soft tissue ingrowth, and prevent membrane exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS Six types of novel titanium meshes with different thicknesses and pore sizes, along with three commercially available(More)
Titanium mesh is used in orthopedic surgery as a barrier membrane, as it offers suitable characteristics, which allow mechanical support during the formation of new bone. An ideal membrane would facilitate cell attachment onto its surface, thereby helping to stabilize the blood clot and integrate the membrane into the tissue. However, currently available(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of systemically transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on the peri-implant epithelial sealing around dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS MSCs were isolated from bone marrow of donor rats and expanded in culture. After recipient rats received experimental titanium dental implants(More)