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BACKGROUND Giant-cell tumor (GCT) of bone is a common primary benign tumor with high local recurrence and potential distant metastasis or malignant transformation. We have investigated the clinical behavior of recurrent GCT of bone in the extremities. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 110 patients with recurrent GCTs of bone in the extremities treated(More)
The cell-surface RAGE [receptor for AGE (advanced glycation end-products)] is associated with the development of diabetic vascular complications, neurodegenerative disorders and inflammation. Recently, we isolated a human RAGE splice variant, which can work as a decoy receptor for RAGE ligands, and named it esRAGE (endogenous secretory RAGE). In the present(More)
The formation and accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGE) have been implicated in the development of diabetic vascular complications. Their biological responses are known to be mediated by the receptor for AGE (RAGE). Recently, AGE have been proposed to be derived not only from the classical Maillard reaction but also from other pathways of(More)
The tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) is a negative regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway. Akt activation exerts a strong anti-apoptotic effect and inhibits key pro-apoptotic proteins. We investigated the effect of caffeine in the prevention of tumor cell proliferation and(More)
Development of innovative more effective therapy is required for refractory osteosarcoma patients. We previously established that glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK- 3β) is a therapeutic target in various cancer types. In the present study, we explored the therapeutic efficacy of GSK-3β inhibition against osteosarcoma and the underlying molecular mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND Of the biological reconstruction methods for malignant bone and soft tissue tumors, reconstruction with liquid nitrogen has the advantage of maintaining continuity on the distal side of the tumor bone site (pedicle freezing procedure; PFP). This method is expected to result in early blood flow recovery, with early union and low complication rate.(More)
We previously reported that caffeine-assisted chemotherapy improved the treatment of malignant bone and soft tissue tumours such as osteosarcoma. Caffeine affects tumour cells through various pathways, including phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), AKT, Bcl-2-associated X protein (BAX), caspase-3 and p53, and has therefore been(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis for patients with metastatic osteosarcoma is still poor despite the development of effective adjuvant and neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens. We have developed caffeine-potentiated chemotherapy for treatment of high-grade bone and soft tissue sarcomas based on the ability of caffeine to enhance the cytocidal effects of anticancer(More)
BACKGROUND Chondrosarcoma, the second most frequent primary malignant bone tumor, is classified into 3 grades according to histologic criteria of malignancy. However, a low-grade lesion can be difficult to distinguish from a benign enchondroma, whereas some histologically low-grade lesions may carry a poor prognosis. The receptor for advanced glycation(More)
BACKGROUND A variety of surgical procedures are now available for tissue reconstruction after osteosarcoma excision, and an important prognostic factor is the evaluation of response to chemotherapy using histology. Although tumor-bearing autografts are useful tools for reconstruction, re-use of the primary tumor may make it difficult to assess the(More)